In India, 21.9% of the population lives below the national poverty line in 2011. Prior estimation of the population is necessary for the governments to formulate policies accordingly and ensure preparedness to accommodate the increasing needs of basics of a decent life with increasing population. Five-Year Plans by the Government of India for population control. In 1980, China one-child policy was implemented. India accounts for over one-sixth of the world’s population in 2019 (1.37 billion out of 7.71 billion). Reduction of infant mortality rate below 30 / 1000 live birth. The 2019 population density in the World is 52 people per Km 2 (134 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 148,940,000 Km2 (57,506,032 sq. EMAIL. They are giving economic benefits to increasing the population. Evaluate the population policy of India and examine its relevance to the nation’s population control. Special focus on high population growth states such as Madhya Pradesh, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, and Orissa. Insights into Editorial: Having the last word on ‘population control’ Context: Recently, a Union Minister expressed alarm, in a Tweet, over what he called the “population explosion” in the country, wanting all political parties to enact population control laws and annulling the voting rights of those having more than two children. two main problems that are overpopulation and under population. Types of Poverty: There are two main classifications of poverty: In this stage, the birth rate is on the trend of the decrease. World Population day was suggested by Dr K. C. Zachariah, who was then working as Sr. Demographer at World Bank. World Population Day begin to be identified after unprecedented decrease in mortality that occurred in developed parts of the world. World Population Day 2020 – Significance Germany & Japan are examples of an aging population. The next 30 years will see the population add … Making family welfare a people central program. India Position & Population Statistics Lies in South Asia North of Equator Latitude (8*4’ – 37*6’) N Longitude (68*7’ – 97*25’)E 2nd largest arable land (after US) Population 17.6 % of the world Area 3.28 million sq. Demographics refer to statistical data relating to the population in a region. Population theories, world population problems and policies, demographic attributes. Maternity benefits program for the first two children. World industries: locational patterns and problems; patterns of world trade. The day was a major achievement as … World Population Prospects 2019, Volume I: Comprehensive Tables Mortality Database–LAMBdA (University of Wisconsin-Madison), the International Data Base (U.S. Census Bureau), the Global Burden of Disease project (IHME, University of Washington), the Developing Countries ... Growth and distribution of world population. India’s life expectancy at birth is lower than the world’s (69 years to 72). Concessions were given on corporate and income tax of individuals who opted for family planning. The population is either decreasing or not increasing in the developed countries. In India, 21.9% of the population lives below the national poverty line in 2011. According to State of World Population-2019 report by the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), India’s population grew at an average of 1.2% annually between 2010 and 2019 which is more than double the annual growth rate of China. Population and Settlement Geography. The National Population Policy, 2000 gave a focused approach to the problem of population stabilization. SHARE. In the 1961 census, India's population growth was 21.5 % growth in the last 10 years. The paper is of a total of 250 marks with questions of 10 and 15 marks weightage UPSC IAS Mains 2020: Structure of General Studies Paper-I The of Mains General Studies Paper-I will consist of 20 questions that needs to be attempted in a time frame of 3 hours. Free medical facilities were being provided to family planning people, Awareness was telecasted regarding the benefits of family planning. NPP 2000 identified adolescent as one of the major section of the population that needs greater attention in the: Education of adolescent about the risk of unprotected sex, Making contraceptive service accessible and affordable, Provide food supplement and nutrition services. It has grown at a rate (1.2% per year between 2010 and 2019) that is just over the world growth rate (1.2%). Try to influence the rate and pattern of population growth in a desirable direction. The WHO provides leadership on global health matters, shaping the health research agenda, setting norms and standards, articulating evidence-based policy options, providing technical support to countries and monitoring and assessing health trends. National Population Policy 2002 long term objective of achieving a stable population by 2045 To address the unmet needs for contraception, health care infrastructure, and health personnel To provide integrated service delivery for basic reproductive and child health care. As per the Lancet report, India will have a peak population in 2050, after then the population will decrease, and at the start of the 2100 century; the population of India will be 1.09 billion. MCQs and Practice Questions for UPSC CSE Examination ... World Population Problems and Policies Social Well-Being and Quality of Life Population as Social Capital UPSC Previous years question: Evaluate the population policy of India and examine its relevance to the nation’s population control. Most of the readings are easy and can be comprehended easily. As we know, China and  India are the two most populous countries in the world. CONCEPTS OF THE OVER-UNDER-AND OPTIMUM POPULATION. In this policy, the marriage age of the boy was increased to 21 years and for the girl to 18 years. SHARE. Causes of population growth in India. However, it says that the overall growth rate will continue to fall. There was an economic penalty for more than one child. Problems with implementing measures to control population. Strengthen legal measures to prevent child marriage. Home delivery services through ASHA worker. The World Population Policies Database, last updated in 2015, provides comprehensive and up-to-date information on the population policy situation and trends for all Member States and non-member States of the United Nations. Fertility, mortality and … India was the first country to announced a population policy in 1952. Decreased in sex ratio, China sex ratio is far below the global average & India's sex ratio. Grasping this component of the syllabus can guarantee 15-25 marks in Paper I and equally in Paper II. India in 2100 will be the world’s most populous country. Population Geography. According to the study, which was published in The Lancet journal, the world’s population will peak at 9.73 billion in 2064, after which it will shrink to 8.79 billion in 2100. Recent Trends in World Population - Daily Current Affair Article for UPSC, IAS, Civil Services and State PCS Examinations Why in News? World Population Policies 2013 report is part of a series that provides comprehensive and up-to-date available information on the population policy situations and trends for … Health expenditure increase from 1.15% to 2.5% by 2025. The Ultimate Revelation Of UPSC Through Our Video Lecture on Policies against population growth To Better Understand the Subject TWEET. Concept Of Population And Environment. Following the policy, the government also enacted the Constitution (84th Amendment) Act, 2002. We have launched our mobile APP get it now. miles). The preferences for male children increased. India Position & Population Statistics Lies in South Asia North of Equator Latitude (8*4’ – 37*6’) N Longitude (68*7’ – 97*25’)E 2nd largest arable land (after US) Population 17.6 % of the world Area 3.28 million sq. World Population Projections 2019 Report published by UN | UPSC – IAS. The main aim was to make the optimum population of the country that utilizes all the natural resources. World Urban Population Currently, 55.7 % of the population of the World is urban (4,299,438,618 people in 2019) Population Density. Geography Paper- 1 study material for UPSC CSE help you Learn about all the aspects of Geography Paper- 1. Short Notes on Population and Associated Issues. First Five Year Plan: India is the first country in the world to begin a population control programme in … However, India has been forecasted to have the largest working-age population in the world by 2100. New MHA Covid guidelines from December 1: What’s allowed, what isn’t. Infant Mortality Rate: 30 per … So in this article, we will be discussing the following population policy: During the time, the following population control policies were adopted by India. The exam is conducted in three parts such as prelims, mains and the interview aka the final round. India accounts for over one-sixth of the world’s population in 2019 (1.37 billion out of 7.71 billion). World population problems and policies ,World population problems and policies in geography, World population problems and policies upsc, World population problems and policies only ias exam,China one-child policy, India's population policy, The population density of India in 1996 was about 287 persons per square kilometer. Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of world population; demographic attributes; Causes and consequences of migration; concepts of over-under-and optimum population; Population theories, world population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life; Population as social capital. UPSC: Although the syllabus for Geography optional is dynamic and lengthy, if read well, it proves to be one of the scoring optional subjects. In 2018, almost 8% of the world’s workers and their families lived on less than US$1.90 per person per day (international poverty line). Every year the Union Public Service Commission holds the Civil service exams to recruit civil servants. Some of the reasons for this population explosion are poverty, better medical facilities, and immigration from the neighbouring countries of Bangladesh and Nepal. Effects of the rapid population growth in India. This covers various factors like population growth rate, the percentage of different age groups within the population, the literacy rates, the sex ratio, urban-rural population ratios, etc. Due to economic and political challenges in India, country faces problems of the population explosion. The paper is of a total of 250 marks with questions of 10 and 15 marks weightage World Population Policies 2015: Highlights 7 Policies on growth, age structure and spatial distribution Population growth Rapid population growth remains a concern for many countries in less developed Types of Poverty: There are two main classifications of poverty: Demographics refer to statistical data relating to the population in a region. UPSC: The GS 1 of the UPSC Mains Exam includes History (India and World), Geography, Art and Culture, and Indian Society. km (2.4 % of world) 7th Largest in Area Southernmost Point Indira Point (6*45’)N St. meridian Allahabad (82*3’)E SHARE. Topic 1 / Art & Culture : Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times. The main objectives of National Population Policy, 2000 was to address the unmet needs for contraception and achieving a stable population by 2045, at a level consistent with the requirements of sustainable economic growth, social development and environmental protection. World Population growth rate by year. Demographics of India is an important topic for the UPSC Exam. Download free notes PDF. Population and Settlement Geography: Growth and distribution of world population; demographic attributes; Causes and consequences of migration; concepts of the over-under-and optimum population; Population theories, world population problems and policies, Social well-being and quality of life; Population as social capital. The second child will be permitted if the first child is physical or mentally handicapped. There is not much to delve into the strategy portion for Population Geography. 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