Like Russian vowels, Russian consonants follow certain patterns and rules of pronunciation. Pronunciation of the Russian consonants. Some letters in the Russian language change the way they sound depending on their position in words and the surrounding letters. To be able to read in Russian, you need to know these nuances. Say it, don’t spray it! Examples: Russian is an Eastern Slavonic language closely related to Ukrainian and Belorussian with about 277 million speakers in … Soft vowels (я, ё, ю, и, е) and the soft sign (ь) soften preceding consonants. On the other hand, there is an exception with the letter й which is called a semivowel. Soft consonants Pronunciation--> Phonetics course--> Lesson 3. Some letters of the Russian alphabet look like and sound similar to … Exceptions are consonants that are always hard /t͡s/, /ʂ/, and /ʐ/; and consonants that are always soft /t͡ɕ/, /ɕɕ/, /ʑʑ/, and /j/.There is a marked tendency of Russian hard consonants to be velarized, though this … Notice that the center of the tongue is raised during and after the articulation of the consonant. The consonants Й ( Y ), Ч ( Ch ), and Щ ( Shch ) are always soft. The softness is marked by the letters that follow the consonant. Phonetic details: Almost all consonants come in hard/soft pairs. Learning the difference between soft and hard consonants is vital in mastering pronunciation in Russian grammar. Compare the differences in the pronunciation of the following consonants… Russian language has 21 consonants which are classified in Soft and hard. Most consonants can be hard or soft (palatalized). Relaxing with consonants We must keep in mind that the pronunciation of Russian consonants can vary according from region to region, hence this page will show you the key phonetics rules of the Russian language. Some of them form pairs too. The Russian alphabet uses the Cyrillic script. There are a few cases when Russian consonants are pronounced not as they are written: Russian voiced consonants are pronounced as their voiceless counterparts when they appear at the very end of the word. The Russian alphabet consists of 33 letters: 10 vowels (а, е, ё, и, о, у, ы, э, ю, я), 21 consonants and 2 signs (hard and soft) that are not pronounced. Pronunciation of consonants with 1 audio pronunciation, 15 translations, 5 sentences and more for consonants. The consonants Ж ( Zh ), Ш ( Sh ), and Ц ( Ts ) are always hard. Self study guide About us New Russian Textbook Russian Alphabet There are 33 letters in the Russian Alphabet: 10 vowels, 21 consonants, and 2 signs (ь, ъ). Russian Alphabet. 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