In my beginning classes (and sometimes in intermediate, too), the source of some students’ confusion is that the questions are mixed–there are both questions formed with “be” and those that are not. Then I separate the questions and first teach “be” questions (Was she in Spain last year?) Is he from India? Questions with am - is - are - can - must - have got. care settings. Was it not surprising? and then gradually add other “non-be” question words: can, could, will, etc. NEGATIVE & QUESTION FORMATION IN ENGLISH Two charts to show you the structures of negative sentences and questions in English. Questions with verbs - do, does A brief PPT showing how to ask questions in English Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. What can you draw?. Other helping verbs include can, could, should, would, will, have or had, and be (is, are, etc.). Present simple questions - Exercise 4 - do, does, forms of to be. Wasn’t it surprising? The main question words are: What (for a thing, when there are many things) Which (for a thing, when there aren’t many things) Who (for a person) Where (for a place) Why (for a reason) When (for a time) How (for a method) Whose (to ask about possession) Examples. (Statement) Was that a silly question? Is she a nice girl?. A question is a sentence that asks you something. From classroom instruction to small talk, English language learners need to grasp the basics of question formation early on in their studies. 4675 Questions and short answers in the Simple Present – Exercise; 4685 Questions and short answers in the will-future – Exercise; 1353 Questions in English and the tenses – Exercise; 1401 Questions in English in different tenses – Exercise 1; 1413 Questions in English in different tenses – Exercise 2 Jane opened the door.Who opened the door? You must end a question with a question mark. Question Tags. or “What are the main differences between Spanish and French?” People can have opinions on these. Ss make 6 sentences using the words and then ask each other . In each question, students are presented with a group of words. Learn how to form Yes/No and Wh- questions in English by reviewing patterns and examples. How many stickers have you got?. and then do-does-did questions (Did she get a new apartment?) It, English for Researchers & Health Professionals. Didn't find what you ... English Result Pre-Intermediate Student's Book. Each auxiliary verb is different depending on the VERB TENSE the sentence is. Questions. (Less common Wh- words include whom, which, how many, NEGATIVE & QUESTION FORMATION IN ENGLISH Two charts to show you the structures of negative sentences and questions in English. First, the beginning word order is reversed. A 'wh' one needs more information in the answer. I often did that with my students too (as described in the fun activity above). 1331 Question words in English – Exercise 2 3339 Questions and answers – contrasted – Exercise 4689 Questions and short answers in English – Mixed Exercise See the charts below for examples of each kind of question in health Question Formation. A statement does not require an answer. question with a ‘Wh-‘ question word. While a number of more advanced ways to form questions in English exist, simple English questions always follow these rules. Questions are an essential part of communicating in English. Questions in general If we want to ask a question in English, the order is QWASM: Question word, Auxiliary verb, Subject, Main verb.In Yes-No questions (questions where the answer is yes or no), there is no Question Word.. If you’re at least a beginner English learner, you probably know how to form simple sentences (here’s a guide if you need a reminder).Fortunately, we can use those same sentence-building skills to form questions in English, too. In this section, we’ll walk through each question type and provide real-world examples. These can have several (or many) answers. When the Be verb is the main verb in a question, it has a different pattern in the simple present and past tenses. But that doesn't make it a question; there are other uses for that rule. ESL Library is owned and managed by Red River Press Inc. First, cut up enough blank cards to have five (or ten) per student. Who - asking for a person and animal: subject: no do, does, did. Have you got a dog?. If needed, put some examples on the board (e.g.. Instead of beginning with … Add it here! It tells us to listen for a question. ; If you have an auxiliary in the sentence you must use the same one in the question. (You can give students free reign or choose to practice only Yes/No questions, Wh- questions, questions in a certain tense, etc.). Open response questions leave room for inserting opinion–“Why did you like Louisville better than Chicago? The Inversion Method for Forming English Questions. I like to start by mixing them, as you do, and use a “teachable” moment to explain that recognizing the kind of question that someone needs is very important. Study the examples given below. Question Formation in English. What is the time?. Our Grammar Practice Worksheets lesson (under Related Resources in the post) includes plenty of practice with all types of questions. Check out these explanations &  examples. Don’t worry – I’m going to teach you a simple formula that works for asking questions in almost ALL the verb tenses! The first thing to remember is that there are two main kinds, 'yes / no' and 'wh': The 'yes / no' kind need the answer 'yes' or 'no'. However, some Wh- words, especially who and what, can also act as subjects in English. other sentences in two main ways. Includes notes about the Be verb and other special cases. Present simple questions - Exercise 3 - do, does, forms of to be. how much, how long, etc.). When we are asking for information we begin a For an easy warm-up or filler activity, try doing a student-designed Q&A. It is important to know how to form questions. Question words in English. Second, questions almost always need a helping verb along with the main verb. Question-making can help in classroom management, too. 4 Types of Questions in English. Great ideas. Where are the children?. Learn how to form Yes/No and Wh- questions in English by reviewing patterns and examples. A brief PPT showing how to ask questions in English Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. (You can choose a time limit, such as 20 minutes, or let them talk until their cards run out.). (Here not goes after the auxiliary verb.In this case it is usually contracted.) 'Wh' questions ask for specific information and start with a question word. This is a case of subject-auxiliary inversion, all right. What / Which / When / Where / Whereabouts / Why / Whose / How The most common question structure is: Question word + Auxiliary Verb + … Adding a third person to the conversation creates more possibilities: “Why do your parents want you to change your major?” Here the answer describes the parents’ views and leads into the student’s views of the parents’ opinion. One of these uses is when a negative adverbial of time, space, or circumstance (as opposed, for instance, to adverbials of manner, purpose, or instrument) is preposed to the beginning of a sentence. I think I need more excersis becouse I want to speak English very very well!! Let’s look at each type in more detail. ENGLISH QUESTION FORMATION 2 Abstract Interlanguage is a learner’s emergent system of language knowledge and use, and despite often being characterized by grammatical inaccuracy, in regards to particular linguistics systems (e.g., negation) it has been demonstrated to emerge in fixed sequences with “remarkable” (Lightbown Now put students into small groups and divide the cards up evenly. Question Word 2. Forming Questions The use of question words and how to ask questions in English. Learn about new and updated pages on EnglishHints, with just enough information to decide if you want to read more. 1. © 2020 Red River Press. This formula is called QUASM: QU estion word In a question, the auxiliary verb comes before the subject. have five parts:eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'englishhints_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_1',122,'0','0'])); 1. 1. Present simple questions - Exercise 5 - do, does, forms of to be. for perfect tenses the helping verb is ‘have’ and the main verb is in past participle form. Unit 1 Personal details Page 11 be and do in questions . Question Formation in English There are two basic types of questions in English. In a negative question the word not can have two positions.Study the examples given below. By Tanya Trusler on June 15, 2017 Grammar & Usage. What Which When Where Whereabouts Why Whose How. Sign up for our free newsletter, English Detective. For continuous tenses the helping verb is ‘be’ and the main verb is in the present participle form (-ing). Note that if there are two auxiliary verbs, only the first comes before the subject. ID: 118689 Language: English School subject: Use of English Grade/level: 5th form Age: 10-11 Main content: Question formation Other contents: Add to my workbooks (3) Download file pdf Embed in my website or blog Add to Google Classroom Forming questions in English can be challenging when you are trying to learn the language! All rights reserved. Each auxiliary verb is different depending on the VERB TENSE the sentence is. When we just need a yes or no answer, we omit the question Question Formation in English - by Viv Quarry (www.vivquarry.com) There are two basic types of questions in English. or 'what.'. Question forms - corrections . Get unlimited access to 800+ lessons and 2000+ flashcards. ', The helping verb at the beginning of a question is important for communication. Click to see the related pages on EnglishHints. Start with the answer and change it into the question. What to Upload to SlideShare SlideShare. All the best, Kirk. Question formation jeselen. Tom helped in the garden.Who helped in the garden? We use have or had with the present or past perfect tenses. The following rules apply to question formation in English. The rest of the sentence (if any.). From classroom instruction to small talk, English language learners need to grasp the basics of question formation early on in their studies. Question order – grammar chart . needed? (This is also true for negative sentences but not affirmative statements.). Forming Questions in the Present Simple. The rules given below apply to almost all written questions and most spoken questions. (Question) That was a silly question. 'Wh' questions ask for specific information and start with a WH- word. A question must have an auxiliary verb. This is a two-step process. The LearnEnglish Team. Students > English File Student's Site > Upper-intermediate third edition > Grammar > File 1 > 1A question formation. Question: Are you from Germany? (For example, cognates, past tense practice, or 'get along with.') Are they happy?. Have you been to Japan? Includes notes about the Be verb and other special cases. I like your suggestion to ask questions that need to be answered with a personal opinion. Generally speaking, there are two types of questions: object questions and subject questions. Instead of beginning with the subject, questions begin with a helping verb. In a few minutes twice a month you can: For information (and a free bonus), see Building Vocabulary, Home  | About me  |  Privacy Policy  |   Contact me  |  Affiliate Disclosure, Copyright© 2011-2020. First, the Main Verb (usually base form), & 5. Global Intermediate Coursebook. (Statement) Is he working in the garage? Each of these different types of questions is used commonly in English, and to give the correct answer to each you’ll need to be able to be prepared. Learn how to ask questions in English! Have you ever visited London? Next, get students to write conversation questions of their choosing on their cards. Present Simple Questions. Questions in general If we want to ask a question in English, the order is QWASM: Question word, Auxiliary verb, Subject, Main verb.In Yes-No questions (questions where the answer is yes or no), there is no Question Word.. Questions are an essential part of communicating in English. Includes notes about the Be verb and other special cases. follow the usual patterns. beginning word order is reversed. Who - asking for a person and animal: object: do, does, did. Not an ESL Library member? Question formation games. My suggestion then would be for ESL library to have another question-making activity that introduces be questions and contrasts them with the other types of questions. How to make negative sentences in English: a guide to helping verbs, negative words, and traps to avoid, with examples of each. Beginner Know the answer? Had you noticed any dizziness before you fell? Wh- words usually act as the object of a sentence. Impossible. With young learners, passing a ball, toy car etc back and forth makes question formation already seem a bit like a game, especially when it is combined with trying to think of new questions that no one else has before. (Some include  phrases and direct or indirect objects). Questions can be a little difficult in English. Study the examples given below. Speaking English; Grammar 3 Generations Exercise 1 - Question forms. The question word (what, ...) always comes first!. Another suggestion is to add open response questions. Subscribe today! Question formation practice . If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. It is one in which an imperative or a declarative sentence is changed into a question with an interrogative tag. 12345Rohit Expert; A question is a linguistic expression used to make a request for information, or the request made using such an expression. Auxiliary verb before subject. For example: Do you like chocolate? word and begin directly with the helping verb. We use have or had with the present or past perfect tenses. 'Do' (or 'does' or 'did') doesn't change the meaning of a question but alerts the listener that a question is coming. I also like your idea of using questions as a way to begin or end a class. The most common helping verb is 'do.' So how exactly do we form questions in English? Note that if there are two auxiliary verbs, only the first comes before the subject. Download full-size image from Pinterest . We always use the short answer, not only Yes or No.That's why questions without question … (Information questions begin with a question word like ‘who’ or ‘what’ and then the helping verb.). The most common question structure is: Question word + Auxiliary Verb + Object or Main Verb. Auxiliary phrases like be going to, be able to, have to, etc. (Here not goes after the subject.In this case it is not contracted.) So do question words like 'who' 'how.' Do you have questions about English sentence structure? Writing in Cyberspace Nancy McKeand. Questions without question words and be. Question Formation. In a question, the auxiliary verb comes before the subject. It is a helping verb for the continuous tenses, but it can also stand alone. Question words in English. Ala92 H ow long have you spent in Brazil last summer?. 1.1 How to form Questions in the Present Simple. ), The verb ‘be’ can be used without a helping verb. Question formation in English is different from the formation of You must capitalize the first word of any sentence. Learn how to form Yes/No and Wh- questions in English by reviewing patterns and examples. Subject and verb change their position in statement and question. 1. Subject, 4. Check out these explanations &  examples of the word order for many kinds of sentences (including those with phrases and direct or indirect objects). Question formation in English is different from the formation of other sentences in two main ways. How much do you weigh?eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'englishhints_com-banner-1','ezslot_5',124,'0','0'])); Do you have questions about English sentence structure? Any short period of 5 to 10 minutes at the start or end of a class can be filled with asking students random questions of all types. Structures of questions: If there is an auxiliary (helping) verb (be, have, can, will, etc), we put it before the subject (he, she, I, etc).Is anybody in the office? A subscriber recently asked us for a resource on question formation, and we decided to share it on our blog as well. Customer Code: Creating a Company Customers Love HubSpot. Correct as shown. The questions in the activity above all have specific answers: “Have they left yet?” Downloadable worksheets: present simple - question formation (1/5) Level: elementary Age: 11-17 Downloads: 395 : Past Simple - Question formation (3/5) Level: elementary Age: 12-17 Downloads: 369 : Past Continuous - Question Formation … Improve your reading fluency with  selected articles & talks on one subject (for repeated use of key words), Understand and practice those words using explanations, crosswords, and more, Feel more confident about your English reading and vocab. You cannot mention a specific time (last summer) if the verb in the same clause is in the present perfect tense (have spent).Ala92 H ow long did you spend in Brazil last summer?. Cut up grid. In some cases, you may also need to add additional words and phrases. Hi Mark, thanks for sharing what you do in class regarding questions! Can you swim?. General or Yes/No Questions skills-- and more prepared for big tests & challenges. A rising intonation is used to show that the question is real and you expect an answer, whereas a falling intonation shows that the speaker just wants confirmation from the person being spoken to. English Exercises > questions exercises. Includes notes about the Be verb and other special cases. Learn how to form Yes/No and Wh- questions in English by reviewing patterns and examples. Home > English Grammar Lessons > Question Formation. This post titled, Tag Questions in English: Formation, Rules and Examples, focuses on tag question which is a short question which we add to a statement, to elicit a confirming response from the hearer. The most common helping verb is 'do.' : Do you know my older brother?Did he come in time? 'Do' (or 'does' or 'did') doesn't change the meaning of a question. Question formation. Other helping verbs include can, could, should, would, will, have or had, and be (is, are, etc.). Remember that in English you need AUXILIARY VERBS to make negative sentences and questions. Present simple questions - Exercise 2 - do, does, forms of to be, can. Depending on the type of question you want to ask, you may need to move words around in the sentence. They greet their teacher.Who do they greet? See the examples below for the usual ways to use 'be. That's the way how to form Questions. Question tags are often used in spoken English. A statement is a sentence that tells you something. Click on the words in the correct order. Forming questions in English can be confusing. The main question words are: What (for a thing, when there are many things) Which (for a thing, when there aren’t many things) Who (for a person) Where (for a place) Why (for a reason) When (for a time) How (for a method) Whose (to ask about possession) Examples. Helping Verb  3. Finally, have students take turns choosing a question and asking it to one or more of their group members. I have two suggestions based on what happens in the classroom after discussing and practicing yes-no and WH-questions. Information Questions (Who, What, Where, etc.) Download full-size image from Pinterest . If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. Sentence: You are from Germany. I introduce questions in the same way. That means who, what, when, where, why, or how. We don’t use the verb ‘do’ together with ‘be,’ except as a negative command: Don't be late!" Present simple questions - Exercise 6 - … (Have you seen a doctor about your problem? This is especially true for Spanish speaking students, where word order inversion is uncommon. The subject comes after the helping verb. 5. Moodle for Langauge Learning Nancy McKeand. ), The verb ‘be’ can be used without a helping verb. How to form questions in english lola Forriol. Explain what you want in the search box below. When they’ve finished writing their questions, collect the cards and shuffle them together. Question forming is often difficult for foreign language speakers due to the mandatory word order inversion in English questions. If there's a specific part of the explanation you have a question about, please let us know. A written question in English always ends with a question mark: ? Students > Solutions > Upper-Intermediate > Grammar > Exercise 1 - Question forms. Question order – grammar chart . Had you noticed any dizziness before you fell? A question requires an answer. Grammar & Usage. Grammar & Usage. Remember that in English you need AUXILIARY VERBS to make negative sentences and questions. The auxiliaries do, be, and have take an -s in the third person singular form (with he, she, it, singular count nouns, and non-count nouns). 1.When there is no auxiliary in the sentence we use Do to form questions in the Present Simple. He is working in the garage. What time will they be here? All Rights Reserved, (Information questions begin with a question word like ‘who’ or ‘what’ and. An easy way to form (almost) any question in English. : If there is no auxiliary (helping) verb, we put do, does or did before the subject. (Have you seen a doctor about your problem? The main verb follows the subject, and the rest of the sentence follows it. 1. Learn the basic forms of English verbs to increase your confidence in English. he main verb follows the subject, and the rest of the sentence follows it. Activity above ), all right to begin or end a class basic! Base form ), & 5 their cards ' 'how. ' ) does n't the! Not contracted. ) communicating in English by reviewing patterns and examples subject-auxiliary inversion, all right ’ walk... I need more excersis becouse i want to ask, you agree the! Method for forming English questions always follow these rules do to form Yes/No and questions! Ll walk through each question, it has a different pattern in the garden until their cards ( Less Wh-... Types of questions simple English questions at the beginning of a sentence that asks you something sentence ( any. Must - have got declarative sentence is a question is important for communication of with! Question forms students are presented with a question and asking it to one or more of choosing! Practice with all types of questions: object: do n't be late! on happens. Plenty of practice with all types of questions: object: do be... ' ( or many ) answers 's a specific part of communicating in English by reviewing and! Or ‘what’ and means who, what,... ) always comes first! written questions and questions... Questions and first teach “ be ” questions ( did she get new. ( Less common Wh- words usually act as subjects in English is different from the of... Put do, does, forms of English verbs to increase your confidence in English two charts to show the! Is different from the formation of other sentences in two main ways the... Below for examples of each kind of question you want to read.. Becouse i want to ask, you agree to the use of question formation in English by reviewing and... By reviewing patterns and examples we decided to share it on question formation in english blog as well words then. Ala92 H ow long have you seen a doctor about your problem minutes, or along... Tanya Trusler on June 15, 2017 Grammar & Usage www.vivquarry.com ) are... Verb ( usually base form ), the verb ‘be’ can be used a. Questions, collect the cards and shuffle them together also need to grasp the basics of question in. Questions with am - is - are - can - must - have.! Remember that in English you need auxiliary verbs to increase your confidence in English,! - asking for information we begin a question n't change the meaning of a sentence happens the. Long have you seen a doctor about your problem can choose a time limit, as... Helping ) verb, we put do, does, did do question words and then do-does-did questions did... Shuffle them together and direct or indirect objects ) there 's a specific of! June 15, 2017 Grammar & Usage did before the subject question with a question is for. Where word order inversion is uncommon language speakers due to the use question. Must capitalize the first comes before the subject, and the main in. Learn the language verb ‘do’ together with ‘be, ’ except as a negative command: do be! Statement is a helping verb is in the classroom after discussing and practicing yes-no and WH-questions words. Has a different pattern in the classroom after discussing and practicing yes-no and WH-questions then each! Doctor about your problem, what, can also act as subjects English! Information we begin a question mark: while a number of more advanced ways to form questions in can. Get a new apartment? ( what, where, etc..... For continuous tenses, but it can also stand alone is changed into a question ; there two. ” questions ( who, what, when, where, etc... End a class until their cards run out. ) Creating a Company Customers Love HubSpot am... The classroom after discussing and practicing yes-no and WH-questions you continue browsing the site you. Or 'get along with. ' ) does n't make it a question:! On question formation word question formation in English there are two types questions! > Upper-intermediate third edition > Grammar > File 1 > 1A question formation in English words around in the helped! Ll walk through each question, the helping verb. ) a Personal opinion capitalize the first comes the... Auxiliary phrases like be going to, be able to, have to have... In some cases, you agree to the use of cookies on this website excersis becouse i to! The subject, and the main verb is the main differences between Spanish and French? ” People have. Be, can also act as subjects in English by reviewing patterns and examples object and! And practicing yes-no and WH-questions questions - Exercise 6 - … forming the. ( e.g past tenses: question word ( what,... ) always first. Do to form Yes/No and Wh- questions in English to add additional words and then the helping verb..... Grammar > File 1 > 1A question formation in English you need auxiliary verbs, only first. The charts below for the usual ways to form Yes/No and Wh- questions in English past perfect the... This case it is a case of subject-auxiliary inversion, all right recently! You something subscriber recently asked us for a person and animal: subject: no do does... An imperative or a declarative sentence is two main ways questions always follow these rules into a question, has! Language speakers due to the use of cookies on this website tests & challenges speaking. See the charts below for examples of each kind of question formation in English exist simple! Question, students are presented with a question mark: auxiliary verb + object or verb... Doctor about your problem them together called QUASM: QU estion word question formation in English charts! June 15, 2017 Grammar & Usage ‘be, ’ except as a way to or. - … forming questions the use of cookies on this website we are asking for a person and:. ; if you want in the sentence follows it have several ( or '! Some Wh- words, especially who and what, can is especially for. Negative question the word not can have several ( or 'does ' or '... Continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website very very well!! ( this is especially true for negative sentences and questions as well teach “ be ” questions did! We just need a helping verb is ‘be’ and the rest of the explanation you have an auxiliary in sentence. Last summer? ’ except as a way to form Yes/No and Wh- in. Them talk until their cards run out. ) so how exactly do we form questions in English different. Have an auxiliary in the present or past perfect tenses edition > Grammar > File 1 1A... To begin or end a question about, please let us know and how to form Yes/No Wh-. Are presented with a Wh- word filler activity, try doing a student-designed Q & a such! As described in the garden.Who helped in the post ) includes plenty of question formation in english all..., thanks for sharing what you want in the classroom after discussing and practicing yes-no and WH-questions apartment?,. Form ), the verb ‘be’ can be used without a helping.. Tense the sentence ( if any. ) past TENSE practice, or let them until! The rest of the sentence you must end a class can - must - have got n't... Divide the cards up evenly Customers Love HubSpot to almost all written questions most. Sentence ( if any. ) sentence follows it to form questions the helped. Language speakers due to the use of question formation in English always ends a... Worksheets lesson ( under Related Resources in the post ) includes plenty of practice with all types of in. Filler activity, try doing a student-designed Q & a and examples it on our as. - … forming questions the use of cookies on this website English very..., try doing a student-designed Q & a … the following rules to..., be able to, etc. ) we put do, does or before. A written question in English how much, how many, how,., ( information questions question formation in english with a question with an interrogative tag their position in and... ” People can have several ( or many ) answers browsing the site, agree... Of beginning with the present simple negative & question formation in English formula is called:! 5 - do, does, did verb.In this case it is usually contracted. ) verb the! Must use the same one in the garden ) includes plenty of practice with all of! Specific information and start with a question is a helping verb. ) choosing. 2017 Grammar & Usage have you spent in Brazil last summer? interrogative tag - do, does inversion. A person and animal: subject: no do, does, did the of. You do in class regarding questions English always ends with a Wh- word them talk their. & challenges follows it and then ask each other be ” questions Was.
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