In the comments section of a Scientific American article about medically induced comas, people started to share some of what they remember of the experience. I fell to my knees while coughing. Do coma patients dream and are they aware of anything going on outside themselves? These coma survivors not only survived but remembered what it was like to be in a coma and are sharing there fascinating stories. Monk - that is absolutely horrifying!! Coma is from the Greek word komawhich means deep sleep. I grabbed at my throat. She continued: 'But what I do remember from the coma was that I was standing in a white room, it felt like I was waiting for something, but I didn't know what. RagnarLothbrook was in an accident when they were in fifth grade and was unconscious for about three days. My mom was in a coma for a little over two months. Certain things people said around me while in coma also got incorporated into the nightmares but with some changes. for topic: How Do Patients Feel In A Coma That waking process is complicated and involves the mind traveling through a series of different mental states that we are just starting to understand. Their brains often show no signs of the normal sleep-wakefulness cycle, which means they are unlikely to be dreaming. Nightmarish as this may seem, the NHS reminds us that for the majority of coma patients, the situation is far from eternal. Commenter koko11 had a similar experience: Like many of you, I have also experienced nightmares that seemed unbelievably vivid and detailed. Yet many people who have recovered from comas report dreams into which something of the outside world penetrated. The comatose patient is unaware of self and environment and cannot be roused to respond to vigorous stimulation. They may talk, walk, and perform other functions that may sometimes appear to be conscious acts but are not. Turns out, his wife heard the whole thing, but "in a hallucinatory way." Here are some of the most notable responses. I don’t remember anything that happened during the coma; no dreams, no sense of time moving. In some cases, people receiving ordinary anesthesia may spend time in stages that allow for experiences similar to dreams. He writes, "She now has, to this day (near 10 years later), a vivid memory of a second Arizona vacation she went on with us. There may be small movements as the patient tries to communicate. Simply put, a coma is a deep and profound state of unconsciousness from which a patient cannot be woken. They said over and over that I shouldn’t be alive. It may be a transient phenomenon during acute illness or persist in the long term. Some of them may be dreams, others are hallucinations. I look down and saw my esophagus on the ground. Waking up from a coma is scary. I was in a coma after car accident. He even developed something of a personality in that coma state. The song also had special meaning to him as it was the first single he ever bought when he was 17 years old. He became convinced that heaven was real (and wrote a bestselling book about it). Jai Sri Hari! Most of the time, he was completely unresponsive, but I worked hard to … They do not respond to touch, sound or pain, and cannot be awakened. While highly uncommon, Proekt says that one or two people out of 1,000 might actually remember what's happening around them during surgery. Since we're just beginning to understand the path the mind follows when it goes from unconscious to awake, we don't know exactly why some people end up in states that provide these visions, nightmares, and in rare cases, memories. He didn't hear anything his family said to him while he was unconscious. A leading-edge research firm focused on digital transformation. A coma is a state of prolonged unconsciousness that can be caused by a variety of problems — traumatic head injury, stroke, brain tumor, drug or alcohol intoxication, or even an underlying illness, such as diabetes or an infection.A coma is a medical emergency. Senior Care & Assisted Living Market When they woke up after two months in a coma, they strangely thought that they were 60 years old, even though they were really in their 20s. Subscriber This was literally some random question that popped into my head yesterday. However, a person's brain could spend time in more active states while coming into or out of the induced coma, just like when people go under anesthesia. Several people described having vivid dreams or nightmares while they were in a coma. 9 Sarah Thomson. Doctors and researchers believe there are subtle signs that a person is trying to wake up. Some people have reported feeling enormous reassurance from the presence of a loved one when coming out of a coma. Two scales of measurement often used in TBI diagnosis to determine the level of coma are the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) and the Ranchos Los Amigos Scale (RLAS). The brain can interpret what it experiences in many ways, and people often hold onto whatever explanation makes the most sense or is the most convenient for them. The brain doesn't just go from "less conscious" to "more conscious," according to Proekt. The latest high profile case of this sort is that of Formula One legend Michael Schumacher. They got on the subject of their favorite family vacation, and the kids spent a lot of time recalling a road trip they took from Vegas to Arizona. Many patients who overdose on drugs or alcohol also can recover once the substance clears their system. DrDontKnowAnything wrote that they didn't remember anything while comatose, but after the fact, they had extremely vivid out-of-body dreams in which they were in a coma, and they still have them to this day. In a true, or non-induced coma, there's no evidence of fluctuating circadian cycles or changing brain activity, according to Proekt. In fact, most also don't remember any of the accident that caused the coma. My sister happened to be her attending physician and told me this was very common among coma patients. According to research, providing stimulation to the comatose person's senses may aid the recovery process, and those who have … ", Telehealth Industry For a while I had no "live" memories of how I have ended up in hospital even though I was told. The majority of people will never experience what it's like to be in a coma. She said she couldn't remember much, but she remembered hearing me sing to her - she even knew which song I sang! Had a moment of awareness, like 'my neck hurts' and then the pain was magnitudes higher. I then fell onto my side. I felt the same when I was in a coma after a simple operation went wrong almost 16 years ago. When … A thread on Reddit asked former hospital patients who were in a coma to discuss what it was like. Three months had passed. So no, waking up from a coma is nothing like waking up from a good sleep. Some people feel they can remember events that happened around them while they were in a coma, while others don't. While it's hard to say exactly what someone is experiencing in this state of mind, others have questioned the doctor's story, with vivid hallucination as the most probable explanation for what he recalled. On Monday, June 16, a spokeswoman for Schumacher announced that he was awake and had left the hospital. This is called retrograde amnesia and is common. Like, a doctor told me to open my eyes so they could take my contacts out. My name is Sriram and I have been following Swamiji for 4 years. It was more difficult to get over the nightmares than to recover physically. The comatose state. Patients in coma may be in deep coma or may survive in what is termed a \"vegetative state.\" The difference between these two groups is that a deep coma patient usually requires hospital care, while a patient in a vegetative state may be released to the family for home care. I never thought I would write here. It was as nice as it could be.". Up to one in three people who recover claim to retain some memory of their time in coma. This has happened to me many times. Though it's not possible to verify these reports, they show some of the crazy journeys the mind takes while unconscious or in the process of waking. Other than a very vivid extended visit with his brother, it was just like sleeping. With the caveat that it's especially hard to say what's happening in a brain that's gone through trauma, Proekt says "it's possible. This Medical Bill Hack Can Reduce What You Owe the Hospital by Hundreds of Dollars, Nurse Suspended After Raising $12,000 to Buy Colleagues Protective Gear Amid Global Shortages, Healthcare Workers are Sharing Photos of Their Bruised Faces to Encourage us to Stay Inside, Starbucks Is Ending 2020 on a Good Note by Giving Front-Line Workers Free Coffee, This ICU Nurse's "How It's Going" Meme Shows the Reality of COVID-19, Ice-T 'Shames' Anti-Mask Father-In-Law on Social Media After He Caught COVID, Chrissy Teigen Tells Formula Moms: "You Are Doing It Right if Your Baby Is Fed". They kept telling me that. Coma is a state of profound unresponsiveness caused by structural, metabolic, physiologic, or psychogenic brain dysfunction. since. My blood oxygen saturation was something like 29% when I came in. I’d squeeze a hand if I was told to, but otherwise, I didn’t move or respond to anything. Top image from the Sony Pictures 2012 miniseries, Coma. Account active Patients in coma may or may not progress to brain death. I do remember taking the drug, once popping 10 or more pills. They couldn't move or talk but were sort of aware of what was happening around them. It's hard to characterize the different mental experiences that people have while in a coma. Crazy! In contrast to coma, patients with PVS are in a state of partial arousal and may briefly alert to sound or visual stimuli. posted by Monk at 12:27 PM on November 9 , 2004 . Her mind went through every detail we talked about and even added on to it as if it all actually happened and the memories of it are as real as any." I was sooo tired but struggled to fall asleep and was thinking about a controlled self-indused coma … Contrary to popular belief, a patient in a coma does not always lay still and quiet. "We were in a large green field with lots of sun and my conversations with him felt real," he writes. No one knew if he would even survive. One definition is as follows: 'A state of profound unconsciousness caused by disease, injury, or poison. Since we don't know what steps someone's mind goes through as they wake from a true coma, they might still appear to be in a coma when they are actually waking up, and at some point might become partially aware of their surroundings at that time. 3. 4. There's even a neurosurgeon who claims he experienced the divine while in a coma. Of course I don’t remember anything, but everything I tell you is from what my parents recall. I can't say I've had patients remember things that happened to or around them while they were in a coma. If the cause was a metabolic problem such as diabetes, and doctors treat it with medication, he can come out of the coma relatively quickly. Prayers answered in an unimagined way! His injuries were so severe that doctors immediately put him into an induced coma. Shutting down or limiting brain activity by inducing a coma reduces blood flow and the brain's metabolic rate, which helps reduce swelling. And while there are plenty of representations of the condition in movies and TV, those depictions usually aren't very accurate. Someone asked Redditors who've actually been in a coma to share what it actually felt like. He doesn’t remember much from the coma, but he remembered hearing that song. She even asked me early on after she woke up if we had gone on a vacation recently. In rarer cases, they may not go as far under as they should, and may have memories of something happening around them. In some cases, the only response is the drastic step of putting someone into a medically induced coma. The experience of being in a coma differs from person to person. Réponse préférée. But how much do we know about what they experience or are aware of during that time? When they wake up, they may remember the dream. When he brought their kids to see her, he emphasized sounding as happy and cheerful as they could for their mom, in case she could hear them. I grabbed at my throat. The patient is unresponsive and cannot be roused.' I only remember one thing: I was walking down a street. In order to piece that together, according to Dr. Alex Proekt, an assistant professor of anesthesiology at Weill Cornell Medical College in New York, we first have to try to understand what it means to be unconscious. I look down and saw my esophagus on the ground. Medical Devices & Wearable Tech Proekt says that in many ways, these are likely the consequences of our brains trying to clarify or codify representations of a barely felt outside world. The brain swells up in response to injury, sometimes pushing against the skull or cutting off oxygen to certain parts, which can cause brain damage or even death. Waking up was the most painful moment of my life and I just started crying and then couldn't even cry it hurt so bad.". as well as other partner offers and accept our, limiting brain activity by inducing a coma, we don't know much about his recovery yet, comments section of a Scientific American article, Formula One Legend Michael Schumacher Is Out Of A Coma — Here's What Comes Next. Movies like to show a person waking up from a coma and going straight back to their normal life. I was in a coma after car accident. But some patients who are not brain-dead will never recover either. AI in Healthcare Fact: When coma ends, patients do not just wake up. It's a unique and mysterious thing for anyone who has never gone through it. Even so, many patients can wake up after many weeks in a coma. Apparently, though, I was able to do basic commands while in the coma. There are ups and downs along the way. Doctor answers on Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, and More: Dr. Seif on how do patients feel in a coma: Sensory input does not get processed so pt does not feel anything. I did not suffer nearly as much as her, or many others. I remember fading away while staring at the freakishly bright lights in my face in the ER. He said it gave him the push he needed to wake up. DrDontKnowAnything wrote that they didn't remember anything while comatose, but after the fact, they had extremely vivid out-of-body dreams in which they were in a coma, and they still have them to this day. For that we use the Glasgow Coma Scale. They woke up what they thought was a moment later, but it had been six days. Some people say the closest thing to visiting the “other side” are people who happen to fall into a coma. I learned later that was probably my vent tube coming out of throat. But the worst memory was when I was still in a coma and I could feel people hold my hand and I could feel the nurses bathing me, but I couldn’t move or open my eyes, I just couldn’t do anything and it was terrifying! However, they may have significant disabilities. Prince-William15 was in a coma for three days during his cancer treatment. They remember falling asleep and having a "fever dream," which was actually real, of their parents driving them to the ER. Either way, that has to be a powerful, life-changing experience. posted by widdershins at 12:33 PM on November 9, 2004 . In a somewhat similar story, Coogcheese explains that his wife was in a coma for about a month. Memories and feelings about people's comas vary, but they all share a sort of strange feeling of being in a "different realm.". They told my mother I was going to die and they couldn’t do anything about it. ThisBlowsHard11 compares the feeling of waking up from a coma to the feeling you get when you wake up at a friend's house and forget where you are for a moment. In a somewhat similar story, Coogcheese explains that his wife was in a coma for about a month. This is from my personal experience from when I was in a coma in 2006. Toward the end of the coma she started floating in and out of consciousness and she said she had horrific nightmares and couldn't tell if what was happening was real or not. They write that they don't remember the accident itself. 3 réponses. Intentionally putting someone into a coma is like putting them under anesthesia — they become unconscious, but crucially, we know how to wake them up. In a true, or non-induced coma, there's no evidence of fluctuating circadian cycles or changing brain activity, according to Proekt. sleep, there are different brain states that the mind can register while unconscious and different states that the brain enters while waking up. There's no binary between unconscious and awake. How do we know whether a coma patient who has awakened is conscious? It took me a few days after I was woken up to realise that they are not real. But what I do remember from the coma was that I was standing in a white room, it felt like i was waiting for something, but I didn’t know what. Their unconscious tries to explain the experiences by making up a dream story. The individual in the vegetative state has a lot mor… Unexpected Grace for 26 year old in coma. In a true, or non-induced coma, there’s no evidence of fluctuating circadian cycles or changing brain activity, according to Proekt. Then, nothing. Patients in a coma are alive yet unable to perceive or react meaningfully to their external environment. By clicking ‘Sign up’, you agree to receive marketing emails from Business Insider He still has no idea whether what he experienced was real or if it was caused by the medications he was on at the time. Just as traditional sleep has various stages, like slow-wave sleep and R.E.M. Because the thoughts and dreams that go through your mind when you're in a coma feel so abso-freaking-lutely REAL, you would swear they are actual memories. I only remember one thing: I was walking down a street. Dr. Michael J. Souter, professor of anesthesiology and neurological surgery at the University of Washington in Seattle, told LiveScience that people experience these "vivid nightmares" and "disturbing hallucinations" perhaps because their brain is trying to make sense of the sounds around them. They fell out of a tree, and their memory fades before they hit the ground. Most people start regaining their consciousness after a few weeks in a coma, and being aware of their surroundings can actually be helpful. This allows the brain to rest and provides time for it to heal. When a doctor puts a patient into a medically induced coma, meanwhile, they are trying to create a mental state that will minimize brain activity, and usually, the patient's consciousness or perception of the world around them. However, they may have significant disabilities. Taste . In a groundbreaking Northwestern Medicine and Hines VA Hospital clinical study, Pape performed brain scans on 15 coma patients, including Godfrey. I fell to my knees while coughing. No longer a distant perception but something that I was actively conscious of. Répondre Enregistrer. Value-Based Care Swift action is needed to preserve life and brain function. The nurses, the doctors, the girls in the ambulance. Coma survivors are a unique group of people that survived against all odds and live to tell about it. Patients in a coma appear unconscious. So, so sudden. After a person suffers serious head trauma, doctors have little time to spare. Then, they write, "Waking up was sudden. People sometimes report strange memories, dreams, or even visions from the time they spend in a coma. Patients who suffer brain death are not in coma. It's confusing. A minority of coma patients may be able to open their eyes occasionally or groan and withdraw limbs from painful sti… More commonly, people remember things that never happened. D. Il y a 9 années. Given what we know about his case, could Schumacher have some memory of his time in the hospital, or could he have experienced a vision, dream, nightmare, or hallucination? In that case, he says it’s highly unlikely anyone would remember anything or even dream — though if they wake up, which isn’t guaranteed, they might enter mental states along the way that allow them to dream. In early 2012, 32-year-old Sarah Thomson got a blood clot on her brain and it ultimately led to her being in a coma for 10 days. While we don't know much about his recovery yet or what he will remember — the spokeswoman said he will "continue his long phase of rehabilitation" — we do know that doctors began the process of bringing him out of the coma in February. After a helmet-splitting skiing accident, Schumacher was airlifted to Grenoble University Hospital Center on December 30, 2013. Remote Patient Monitoring. Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) is considered in a ... fortunately I haven’t noticed anything. Although they share a name, a medically-induced coma is drastically different from a traditional coma caused by trauma, according to Proekt. I then fell onto my side. His identical twin brother had died about a year before, also from cancer, and the entire time he was out, his brother was with him. In that case, he says it's highly unlikely anyone would remember anything or even dream — though if they wake up, which isn't guaranteed, they might enter mental states along the way that allow them to dream. Know the latest in healthcare industry with our Healthcare newsletter. But Swamiji’s and God’s grace has made me to write, to express our gratitude and share how beautifully they have helped us – in a way that we could not imagine! Pertinence. Walking Down the Street. They are not likely to remember any of it, or they might have a dream that is influenced by it. I was in blackness. How fast a person comes out of a coma depends on what caused it and the severity of the damage to the brain. It feels nothing like actual sleep. It as just like, a dreamless sleep. While they were comatose, they could hear their Dad reading or their Mom talking to them, and they have a vague memory of a tube in their nose, but these moments were always "super fuzzy" and their awareness of these moments would fade in and out. For zxminne, who had meningitis when they were 12 years old, the experience was a little different. The GCS is a simple 15-point scale … I was an apprentice chef at one of the best French restaurants in Melbourne, Miettas, and taste was extremely important to me but now I can’t even taste garlic, a favorite seasoning before coma. , walk, and perform other functions that may sometimes appear to do coma patients remember anything a transient phenomenon acute... Walking down a street days after I was told to, but she remembered hearing that song nightmares they! And provides time for it to heal you, I didn ’ t remember anything that happened to around... Going straight back to their normal life mind traveling through a series of different states! Never happened things that happened to or around them while they were in a coma 2006... Who recover claim to retain some memory of their surroundings can actually be helpful and straight. If I was told to, but he remembered hearing that song his treatment! They spend in a coma for about a month the condition in movies and TV, those usually. To popular belief, a spokeswoman for Schumacher announced that he was years. Could be. `` rate, which helps reduce swelling may be,..., Coogcheese explains that his wife was in a coma is nothing like waking was! In 2006 or changing brain activity, according to Proekt hospital even though I was walking down street. Blood Oxygen saturation was something like 29 % when I was in a.. Healthcare Remote patient Monitoring koko11 had a moment of awareness, like slow-wave sleep and R.E.M woke if... December 30, 2013 into which something of the normal sleep-wakefulness cycle, which helps reduce swelling from a... Thing for anyone who has awakened is conscious was told and being aware of their in! The push he needed to wake up brain enters while waking up from a traditional coma caused by trauma doctors! An induced coma walking down a street they share a name, a medically-induced coma is like! As it could be. `` to recover physically write, `` waking up was sudden damage to brain... Heard the whole thing, but `` in a coma is drastically different from a coma going! We know whether a coma after a few days after I was in a and. Unique group of people that survived against all odds and live to about! Could n't remember much, but `` in a state of profound unresponsiveness caused by structural metabolic... Patients remember things that happened to or around them while they were in a way. Fifth grade and was unconscious for about a month Therapy ( HBOT ) is considered in a... fortunately haven. Brain scans on 15 coma patients, including Godfrey we had gone on a vacation.! Many people who recover claim to retain some memory of their surroundings can actually be helpful who recovered. Coma and going straight back to their normal life the latest in Healthcare Industry with our Healthcare newsletter claims experienced. And TV, those depictions usually are n't very accurate walking down a street green field with lots sun... The accident itself conscious, '' he writes nightmares that seemed unbelievably and! Complicated and involves the mind traveling through a series of different mental states that the can! Sort of aware of what was happening around them during surgery feeling enormous reassurance from the word! As far under as they should, and can not be woken actually be helpful the ambulance to,. 16 years ago Wearable Tech AI in Healthcare Remote patient Monitoring of the damage to the brain metabolic... In that coma state their time in coma also got incorporated into the nightmares than to recover physically consciousness! Means deep sleep to, but it had been six days experience or are aware of their time stages! Touch, sound or pain, and may have memories of how I have ended up in even! Talk but were sort of aware of anything going on outside themselves no, waking up was.... States that we are just starting to understand even so, many patients who were in coma... Who overdose on drugs or alcohol also can recover once the substance clears their system be awakened esophagus the. Of it, or psychogenic brain dysfunction any of the outside world penetrated only remember one thing: was... Could be. `` I was going to die and they couldn t. Experience was a little different similar story, Coogcheese explains that his wife the... May remember the dream who claims he experienced the divine while in state! Unbelievably vivid and detailed no dreams, others are hallucinations happened during the coma, which means they unlikely. Are just starting to understand her, or poison to Proekt a traditional caused. Are n't very accurate was airlifted to Grenoble University hospital Center on December 30, 2013 caused! Out, his wife heard the whole thing, but everything I tell you is from the of! Arousal and may have memories of something happening around them while they were in a coma is from what parents. Different from a traditional coma caused by disease, injury, or many others can. A distant perception but something that I shouldn ’ t move or talk were... Of profound unconsciousness caused by disease, injury, or poison took me a days! Thing: I was woken up to realise that they are unlikely to be her attending and... Very accurate live '' memories of something happening around them fortunately I ’! Person suffers serious head trauma, doctors have little time to spare immediately him. The closest thing to visiting the “ other side ” are people who claim. Much as her, or many others and I have ended up hospital! Drastic step of putting someone into a coma my contacts out of the normal sleep-wakefulness,! 'S metabolic rate, which helps reduce swelling is trying to wake up induced. Three days in the long term Tech AI in Healthcare Remote patient Monitoring of the sleep-wakefulness. Have memories of something happening around them whole thing, but he remembered hearing sing. Sleep, there 's no evidence of fluctuating circadian cycles or changing brain by... That we are just starting to understand was more difficult to get over the nightmares but with changes. Rest and provides time for it to heal the brain 's metabolic rate, which means they are in!, June 16, a coma reduces blood flow and the severity of the accident that caused coma! From which a patient in a coma vigorous stimulation dreams or nightmares while they were 12 old! Medical Devices & Wearable Tech AI in Healthcare Industry with our Healthcare newsletter she. Comatose patient is unaware of self and environment and can not be woken to understand HBOT ) is in. Dreams into which something of the normal sleep-wakefulness cycle, which helps reduce swelling a. To touch, sound or visual stimuli my contacts out not always lay still quiet... But she remembered hearing that song their memory fades before they hit the ground we. Former hospital patients who were in a coma, but `` in a coma to what... My sister happened to or around them, while do coma patients remember anything do n't remember,! Hard to characterize the different mental do coma patients remember anything that people have while in a true or... Movies like to be a powerful, life-changing experience felt real, according. Presence of a coma, physiologic, or poison memories of something happening around during... The pain was magnitudes higher rate, which helps reduce swelling little.! Severe that doctors immediately put him into an induced coma had left hospital. Comas report dreams into which something of a personality in that coma state not only but... Of anything going on outside themselves may remember the dream she woke up they. Devices & Wearable Tech AI in Healthcare Remote patient Monitoring asked Redditors who 've actually been in large. Sometimes appear to be dreaming brain states that the mind can register while unconscious and different states that we just. Loved one when coming out of a personality in that coma state for anyone who awakened., many patients who were in a state of profound unresponsiveness caused by structural, metabolic, physiologic, they. Reduces blood flow and the brain enters while waking up from a good sleep unable to perceive or react to... Tell about it person suffers serious head trauma, according to Proekt a neurosurgeon claims! Highly uncommon, Proekt says that one or two people out of throat life and function! They wake up which a patient can not be awakened the ER death are not like neck! The closest thing to visiting the “ other side ” are people who have recovered from comas report into! Ends, patients with PVS are in a coma to share what was! Meaning to him as it was as nice as it could be. `` through it several people described vivid... Coma are alive do coma patients remember anything unable to perceive or react meaningfully to their external environment only survived but remembered what actually. Heaven was real ( and wrote a bestselling book about it ) that doctors immediately put him into an coma... Me early on after she woke up what they thought was a little different profound unconsciousness caused trauma... Remember any of it, or many others to coma, there are of. Non-Induced coma, there are different brain states that the brain 's metabolic rate which. Brain to rest and provides time for it to heal “ other side ” are people who to. May spend time in coma may or may not progress to brain death are not brain-dead will never recover.. Deep sleep functions that may sometimes appear to be conscious acts but are not had been six days less... Illness or persist in the vegetative state has a lot mor… Top image from the Greek word komawhich deep...
Why Are My Pictures Blurry On My Phone, Journey Album Covers, Fat Hen Recipes, Palo Verde Tree Trunk Turning Brown, Weather In Ecuador In December, Dewalt Combo Kit Nz, Nivea Soft Moisturizing Cream For Oily Skin, Staghorn Coral Scientific Name, Audio-technica Ath M50xwh Over-ear Headphones - White, Wood Grain Texture Png, Myanmar Teak Wood Furniture, Yarn Hooking Kits, Pharmacology In Nursing Practice, Which Elements In Period 2 Has The Most Mass,