However, it is an aggressive invasive species in some areas outside its native range. Identification: A high climbing, trailing, twining deciduous woody vine, kudzu can be seen blanketing forests, abandoned houses, and whatever else might remain in its path. fast-growing vine native to the subtropical regions of China and Japan States Counties Points List Species Info. Merr. lobata) is very similar to tropical kudzu (Pueraria phaseoloides), but these two species can be differentiated fron each other by the following differences: kudzu (Pueraria montana var. Kudzu is native to China and Japan, where it has long been grown for its edible starchy roots and for a fibre made from its stems. This species is Introduced in the United States. I would say its an aggressive grower but thats not strong enough language. Kudzu (scientific name: Pueraria lobata) is now often seen as a blight on the southern landscape of the United States, but like many invasive plants it … lobata (Willd.) Common Names. This Asian native first became popular in the southern United States, where it was planted on people’s porches. This article was most recently revised and updated by, University of Florida - IFAS Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants - Kudzu, New Georgia Encyclopedia - Geography and Environment - Kudzu, Missouri Department of Conservation - Kudzu, kudzu - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Kudzu (Pueraria montana var. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for subspecies profiles. Flattened pods, 1.5 to 3 inches in length, mature from September to January. Kudzu (Pueraria montana var. A single root crown may produce as many as 30 vines, which become hairy and woody and expand out in all directions. Pueraria montana (Lour.) By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. In the scientific world this plant is often known as the Genus Pueraria. Scientific Name: Pueraria montana (Lour.) Maesen & S. Almeida (Fabaceae) [25,63,68]. The introduction of this aggressive invasive species led to its own problems, however, as kudzu overran native plants and trees, earning the nickname “the vine that ate the South.” In the…. Classification: Division: Magnoliophyta Class: Magnoliopsida Order: Rosales Family: Leguminosae Subfamily: Papilionoideae. It grows over other plants and trees, stealing its light and leaving the native plants to die. The plant bears long racemes of late-blooming reddish purple flowers and flat hairy seed pods. Pueraria montana … Family Name: Fabaceae (Leguminosae) - Pea or Bean Family. Distribution U.S. Kudzu is a fast-growing vine native to the subtropical regions of China and Japan, as well as some other Pacific islands.1, 2 The plant consists of leaves (containing 3 broad oval leaflets), purple flowers, and curling tendril spikes.3, 4 Because the stem grows up to 20 m in length and due to its extensive root system, kudzu has been used to control soil erosion. Subordinate Taxa. Sometimes referred to as “the vine that ate the South,” the plant has become a rampant invasive species in parts of the southeastern United States and readily spreads over trees and shrubs, often killing them. Identification: Kudzu is a deciduous woody vine that may reach 35 to 100 feet in length. The kudzu plant is native to Southeast Asia and Japan and was first introduced to the united states in 1876. Britannica Kids Holiday Bundle! The leaves are alternate and pinnately compound, with three leaflets. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Family Name: Leguminosae. The kudzu species present in the United States is currently considered Pueraria montana (Lour.) If mechanical vine control prior to herbicide application is impractical, you can spray the stand with a 5% glyphosate and surfactant solution in late summer, but note that non-target plants may be at higher risk with this method. Merr. It can also be found in forests or meadows growing across the ground or attached to trees (pictured above). lobate) Watch List Kudzu is a vine that extends 32-100 feet, with up to 30 vines per plant. Scientific Name: Pueraria montana (Lour.) Invasive Kudzu vine is also known as ‘the vine that ate … The yellow-green to gray vine may reach a thickness of 10 inches in diameter. Any mention of trade, products, or firm names is for descriptive purposes only and does not imply endorsement by North Carolina State University. Kudzu - or kuzu (クズ) - is native to Japan and southeast China. The plant spreads vegetatively with stolons and rhizomes that root to form new clonal plants. Maesen & S. M. Almeida ex Sanjappa & Predeep (ITIS) Benth. You can try using a 10% solution or painting the entire node with undiluted glyphosate concentrate (53.8% preferable) to see if that will inflict more damage to the large tuber-like root. Allow vines to re-sprout, then spot-spray the ground level foliage at the root crowns with a 5% solution of glyphosate with surfactant in late summer. Maesen and Almeida (Ward, 1998). It is attracted to white surfaces such as the walls of houses or white vehicles, because of the high reflectance of the white surfaces as … – kudzu. The word is a corruption of “kuzu,“ the Japanese name for the plant. Monitor sprouting at root crowns each year thereafter and re-treat annually until control is achieved. lobata (Willd.) Kudzu is one crazy plant. Northern winters tend to kill the plant’s stems but allow the roots to survive. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. vine, trailing or sprawling and climbing, herbaceous to semi-woody, hairy and green when young becoming hairless. Throughout this summary, the common name "kudzu… lobata, Syn. When using herbicides remember to follow label-recommendations. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... >kudzu, a leguminous vine, was frequently used to stabilize gullied areas and prevent erosion. Kudzu is a useful fodder crop for livestock as well as an attractive ornamental. Family Fabaceae – Pea family Genus Pueraria DC. Stems. They contain a large percentage of starch but are also fibrous at that size. The most common synonyms are Pueraria lobata (Willd.) The kudzu. This invasive vine colonizes by prolific growth along the ground and into tree canopies. Megacopta cribraria, also called the bean plataspid, kudzu bug, globular stink bug and lablab bug, is a shield bug native to India and China, where it is an agricultural pest of lablab beans and other legumes. It has alternate, compound leaves with three broad leaflets and in late summer produces purple individual flowers that grow in upright clusters. Merr. (Maesen, 1985). Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Common Name: Kudzu Scientific Name: Pueraria montana, also called Pueraria lobata. Kudzu (; Pueraria lobata, and possibly other species in the genus Pueraria; see taxonomy section below) is a plant in the genus Pueraria in the pea family Fabaceae, subfamily Faboideae.It is a climbing, coiling, and trailing vine native to southern Japan and southeast China. Plant Control:Mature patches of Kudzu can be difficult to contain let alone control. – kudzu P Enter a scientific or common name at any rank. Persistence is the key. This aggressive vine can grow 60 feet per year forming a continuous blanket of foliage. It has large compound leaves with three broad leaflets with hairy margins. Maesen & S. Almeida . It was first introduced to the United States during the Philadelphia Centennial Exposition in 1876 where it was touted as a great ornamental plant for its sweet-smelling blooms and sturdy vines. Introduction. Kudzu is a fast-growing, woody, somewhat hairy vine that may grow to a length of 18 metres (60 feet) in one season and features a substantial taproot. Identification Notes. This massive covering often chokes out competing native vegetation that provides food and habitat for native animals. Scientific Name: Pueraria lobata. Kudzu is native to China and Japan, where it has long been grown for its edible starchy roots and for a fibre made from its stems. kudzu Pueraria montana var. Habitat: Kudzu is commonly found in disturbed areas such as roadsides, and prefers sandy areas with mild winters and hot summers. Scientific Name: Pueraria montana. Although there are stronger herbicides available, they may not be appropriate for use in the home landscape. Kudzu originally was introduced into the U.S. from Asia in the late 1800s for erosion control and as a livestock forage. Tropical kudzu ( Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Kudzu is a useful fodder crop for livestock as well as an attractive ornamental. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. var. Kudzu. is a vigorous, dense-growing vine cultivated in tropical countries as a cover crop, green manure and fodder for livestock. Common Name: Kudzu. kudzu. Merr. Very few wildlife species use Kudzu. Description. 2010) Before applying herbicide, sever climbing vines in trees at ground level. The bug, while harmless to houseplants and people, often enters houses. Merr. Alternative Native Species: Carolina Jessamine (Gelsemium sempervirens), Virgina Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia). kudzu, kudzu vine. Kudzu. Corrections? P. lobata) is an invasive plant in Queensland. Ecology: Kudzu occurs along field edges, right-of-ways, and near riparian areas. Native Introduced Native and Introduced. Kudzu can be controlled with glyphosate but it may take several years of follow-up treatments to achieve eradication. Scientific Name: Megacopta cribraria (F.) (Eger et al. The leaves are alternate and pinnately compound, with three leaflets. Omissions? Updates? Identification: Kudzu is a deciduous woody vine that may reach 35 to 100 feet in length. Invasive Species - (Pueraria montana var. Common Name: Kudzu. Kudzu is a restricted plant under Queensland legislation. Small, pealike lavender flowers appear in June to September. Kudzu is a perennial, semi-woody, climbing leguminous vine, of the tribe Phaseoleae Benth., subtribe Glycininae Benth. Scientific Name: Pueraria montana var. People were mesmerized … The kudzu (pronounced kuzu) is a very unique invasive species. Benth.) It now is known commonly as the vine that ate the south. The yellow-green to gray vine may reach a thickness of 10 inches in diameter. Kudzu, (Pueraria montana), twining perennial vine of the pea family (Fabaceae). Its name comes from the Japanese name for the plant, . Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. lobata (Willd.) lobata (Willd.) Merrill. Although kudzu is no longer planted, we are still stuck with it growing along highways, in public parks, and abandoned lots. The currently accepted scientific name for the species of kudzu that has become widely established throughout the southeastern United States is Pueraria montana (Lour.) ... (2 ounces per 3-gallon mix) or Milestone VM* can safely treat kudzu under many desirable trees and shrubs if herbicide is not applied directly to them. Kudzu is an invasive species because it is native to East and Southeast Asia, yet it has traveled and taken residence in places where it is not native. The kudu is a sub-species of antelope that is found inhabiting mixed shrub woodland, and savanna plains in eastern and southern Africa. The kudu relies heavily on close, dense thickets in which the kudu can escape to and hide when it feels threatened. Kudzu (scientific name Pueraria lobata) vine also goes by other whimsical names; some people call it the foot-a-night vine because of its ability to grow fast and encroach over anything that is foolish enough to stay in its path. It can grow up and cover a 200 foot tall tree in one season. If possible, mow or weed-eat ground level patches during the growing season so that root crowns are visible. Kudzu was initially taken to North America in the late 1800s as an ornamental, and farmers were encouraged to plant it to anchor steep banks of soil and thereby prevent erosion. The report will display the kingdom and all descendants leading down to the name you choose. introduced perennial, reproducing by seed and creeping roots. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Kudzu is also an invasive species because it takes part in "interference competition". Scientific Name Synonyms. var. The Department of Agriculture’s National Agricultural Library says this about kudzu: ————— Scientific name: Pueraria montana; a subdivision of Phaseoleae, the group that includes peas and beans. Kudzu is a perennial, trailing vine that can grow up to 1 foot a day and as long as 98 feet. Kudzu, ( Pueraria montana ), twining perennial vine of the pea family ( Fabaceae ). Better known as “the plant that ate the south,” kudzu was purposefully planted all over the south in the early 20th century to reduce erosion from poor farming practices. Life Cycle. Pueraria lobata (Lour.) NOW 50% OFF! Control methods include herbicide sprays, manual cutting and mowing, and the use of goats and sheep. Scientific name: Pueraria species (P. lobata, P. montana, P. edulis, P. phaseoloides and P. thomsoni) Abundance: plentiful ... Kudzu roots can grow to enormous sizes, eight feet long and over 200 pounds! Clearly the plant contains some vitality compounds and, according to the Japanese, some very health building comoounds as well. Login to download data. The Plants Database includes the following 2 subspecies of Pueraria montana . The result is a large-scale alteration of biotic communities. Kudzu is a climbing vine native to Japan. Pueraria thunbergiana (Siebold & Zucc.) Present: AL, AR, DE, FL, GA, HI, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MO, MD, MS, NC, NE, NJ, NY, OH, OK, OR, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, WA, WV For a CAPS/CERIS/USDA map of past/presen… , kudzu scientific name very health building comoounds as well compounds and, according to the United,! First introduced to the United States in 1876 first became popular in the late for. 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Part in `` interference competition '' lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your..
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