The conviction of Calvin and a host of careful commentators is a true one, that his having neither beginning of days nor end of life is a descriptive clause of the same character as without father, without mother, without genealogy. 14.). But, the scripture speaks of another priestly order, which formed no part of the Jewish priesthood. Hebrews: A Biblical Commentary in the Wesleyan Tradition is part of a commentary series that interprets the books of the Bible from a Wesleyan perspective. In that account there is no difficulty whatever. (Hebrews 7:1-3) Melchizedek had already been mentioned a number of times, but here the author of Hebrews turns to a fuller exploitation of what must be termed the boldest argument in the entire Bible, based upon the historical account of Melchizedek in Genesis 14 and what had doubtless seemed for ages like a minor statement in Psalms 110:4 . He is, you may say, a type of Christ. This peace indeed is the fruit of that righteousness which he has mentioned. After some preliminary observations the Apostle again describes Jesus as made an high priest after the order of Melchisedec, Chap 6:20, and at the same time enters more fully into the account given of him, explaining the mystery and what Moses records concerning this very eminent personage. Most High. It is indeed the Eternal Spirit, the Spirit of Christ Himself, through Whom all was wrought and in due time recorded. But Salem mentioned Psalms 76:2, more known by its famous appellation, Jerusalem. His father's name is not given, nor his mother's, though he had both father and mother, being a man. Melchizedek was greater than Aaron, because he was king as well as high priest. Jesus is a high priest forever, in the priestly order of Melchizedek. 3). This Melchisedech. . Outline: Hebrews 7:1-10. By saying that he “blessed” Abraham, we are to render that he prayed God to bless him, as we find it explained in Genesis 14:19. He had well earned the benediction by his heroic expulsion of the invaders out of Palestine. Again, on the Cross He "offered Himself" (Heb. Proper nouns in Bible times often had distinctive meanings, and Thayer says that the name Melchisedec means, "King of righteousness," which is the statement in our verse. The most high God.—A title characteristic of the narrative (Genesis 14:18-20; Genesis 14:22). Without father, without mother--revealed to us; without genealogy--revealed to us. Most high—Says Philo, “The Logos, who is shadowed forth by Melchizedek, is ‘Priest of the Most High;’ not as though there were other gods not most high, for God is as the One in heaven above, and in the earth beneath, and there is none besides him.”. Therefore from eternity to eternity He is such! The writer to the Hebrews wanted to remove these intellectual problems the Jewish Christians had with the gospel. The expression without genealogy simply means that his genealogy is not given, for from vs. 6 it is evident that he had genealogy: whose genealogy is not counted from them (the sons of Levi). But, he comes from the wrong Tribe! Now we read in the Psalms (104:15) of "wine that maketh glad the heart of man, and bread which strengtheneth man's heart"; and Jesse sent bread and wine to King Saul by David (1 Sam. The time and circumstances of Melchizedek's coming to meet Abraham are most striking. There were moral types of Christ's person before Melchizedek, as Adam, Abel, and Noah, which represented him in sundry things: But the first person, who was solemnly designed to represent Christ by what he was and did, was Melchizedek the priest; teaching us, that the foundation of all that the Lord Jesus Christ had to do in and for the church, was laid in his priestly office, whereby he made atonement, and reconciliation for sin: Melchizedek king of Salem, and priest of the Most High God. (b) a 'Gentile' is the priest of El Elyon and (c) His distinctive 'character' as most high God is 'possessor of heaven and earth.' He could not be a Jewish high priest. To such a degree is the antiquity of the Assyrians uncertain abroad, which L. Offerhaus speciously discusses in the second book of his Spicilegia.— εὐλογήσας) LXX. 3.) "I came forth and am come of God," He said. See last note above. Abraham was a lonely Shemite, who had but lately come into the country, a brother, yet a foreigner; a brave sheik with a goodly band of followers, and a predicted progenitor of a great people; but as yet he was entirely inferior to a settled. The most high God - called also "Possessor of heaven and earth" (Genesis 14:19; Genesis 14:22). He was made like (in his record) to the Son of God--evidently as to the facts of Heb. The Nature of Melchizedek’s Priesthood 7:1 Now this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the most high God, met Abraham as he was returning from defeating the kings and blessed him. “abideth a priest continually;” the connection with the last chapter, therefore, is very clear. The capital seat in his kingdom was Salem, the name likely of both his city and territory; not that Salem of the Sichemites, Genesis 33:18, afterwards called Shechem, demolished and sown with salt by Abimelech, Jude 9:34,45; in John the Baptist’s time raised again, and called Salem, John 3:23. 7:15, 17, 24, and 27--"when He offered up Himself": these verses concern Christ after the order of Melchizedek! He managed all as a priest between his own people and the great God, ruling of them in all matters civil, and teaching and ordering them in all sacred things. And the excellency of this blessing cannot be sufficiently estimated, unless you consider on the other hand, how miserable a thing it is to be tormented by constant inquietude; which must necessarily be the case until we have our consciences pacified by being reconciled to God through Christ. Having neither beginning of days nor end of life--(vs. 3) revealed to us: no recorded time of birth, death, or age. Hebrews 1:7, ESV : "Of the angels he says, “He makes his angels winds, and his ministers a flame of fire.”" The person spoken of described by his name, Melchizedek to be Shem the Son of Noah; but this cannot be, because of his genealogy is exactly set down by Moses. IT IS NOT LOCAL AND TRANSIENT, LIKE THE AARONIC, BUT UNIVERSAL AND PERPETUAL, LIKE THE MELCHIZEDEKIAN, Hebrews 7:1-28. Hebrews 7:1-10 Christ, a Priest after the order of Melchisedec, is, proved to be of a more excellent order than that of, Aaron, from the character of Melchisedec, and his. μετὰ τὸ ὑποστρέψαι αὐτὸν ἀπὸ τῆς κοπῆς, For this Melchizedek, King of Salem, priest of the most high God, who met Abraham returning from the slaughter of the kings, and blessed him; to whom also Abraham divided a tenth part of all, first, being by interpretation King of righteousness, and then also King of Salem, which is, King of peace. According to the narrative in Genesis the meeting took place “after Abraham had returned” from the defeat of the king; but probably the meaning does not differ from that here given. It is thus not in his actual unknown reality, but in the Scripture presentation, that the group of shadowings appears. slaughter = defeat, or smiting. Melchizedek is revealed, in his person and ministry, to Abraham, the great-grandfather of Levi, Aaron's ancestor. Cf. Jesus is a high priest forever, in the priestly order of Melchizedek. Ah, but he is more than that! "May God teach us to know what it means that Christ is our Melchizedek, a Priest forever. Let us believe, with hearts rejoicing, that there is a Man at God's right hand in the glory Who is our Great High Priest; and, that He is God the Son, through Whom the worlds were created! Here observe, 1. A free Bible Commentary on the Letter to the Hebrews in Easy English. But for some reason, the author of Hebrews passes over the easy parallel and focuses on some things that most of us would have missed. But it is not the locality that is important, but the meaning of Salem. They looked upon them as mediators between God and men, and some went so far as to pay them a kind of religious homage or worship. I. 5., and intending to treat of the latter at large afterward, which he does chap. Hebrews 7:1. οὗτος) The subject, namely, This man, who is mentioned ch. This was a part of the duty of a priest in Israel. 7:2 To him also Abraham apportioned a tithe of everything. 2:12). The Levitical priests were "after the order of Aaron." The Apostle had repeatedly spoken of Christ as our high priest, chapter 2:17, 3:1, 4:14, 15, 5:5, 6. See here, how God can raise up instruments for his service, and unto his glory, whence where, and how he pleaseth. 189; and esp., Boscawen’s First of Empires, c. Commentary on Hebrews 7:1-3 (Read Hebrews 7:1-3) Melchizedec met Abraham when returning from the rescue of Lot. One is hard-pressed to find a verse-by-verse commentary on the Book of Hebrews from a Torah perspective. Hebrews 7:1 - For this Melchizedek, king of Salem, priest of the Most High God, who met Abraham as he was returning from the slaughter of the kings and blessed him, on StudyLight.org Melchizedek, as priest of God Most High, acts doubly: (1) He calls the blessing of God Most High upon Abraham; and then (2) he blesses God Most High. Now note again the name of God in connection with Melchizedek's priesthood: "He blessed him (Abraham), and said, Blessed be Abram of God Most High (Heb., El Elyon), possessor of Heaven and earth" (Gen. 14:19). The whole order is occupied by himself. The book of Hebrews tells us more about the deity and priesthood of Jesus Christ than any other book in the Bible. Priest of the most high God: his authority in matters of religion, as a prime minister about holy things between God and men, and therefore a man, as Hebrews 5:1, set up by the most high God for himself, and consecrated in his order of priesthood by him, which should most illustriously set out that of his own Son. that the group of shadowings appears. If you are a Bible student or teacher, you can discuss each week’s commentary and lesson at the International Bible Lesson Forum. Therefore this passage does not prevent us from believing that Arioch, king of Ellasar, lived and reigned after the disaster. Priest of the most high God—A dignitary of high rank; both king and priest, worshipping the true God with acceptable rites before the apostasy of Ham had, in this region, established idolatry. But a special argument is made in connection with the priesthood of Melchisedec. But if Chedorlaomer, Amraphel, and Tidal were slain, though Arioch survived, "slaughter of the kings" is correct. lib. 9. It is the spiritual apprehension of this everlasting priesthood ... that lifts our inner experience out of the region of effort and change, and failure, into the rest of God, so that the immutability of His counsel is the measure of that of our faith and hope." He received tithes of Abraham: unto whom Abraham, the patriarch, gave a tenth out of the chief spoils (vs. 4). The language of the LXX. See last note above. Melchizedek is a mystery-man, but part of the problem is failing to understand the Hebrew idiom and reading too much into the words. Of Melchizedek we know nothing beyond what we learn from the brief narrative of Genesis 14. Now this Melchisedec, king of Salem, was a priest of the most high God; who met Abraham returning from the overthrow of the kings, and blessed him; to whom Abraham also divided the tenth of all: being first indeed, by interpretation, King of righteousness, and then also King of Salem, which is, King of Peace; without father, without mother, without decent, having no beginning of days or end of life, but. What is the significance that … This same Jerusalem, where dwelt the Hebrews to whom this epistle was addressed, was the dwelling-place of the type of our great High Priest, as afterward the chosen “dwelling-place” of Jehovah. He had well earned the benediction by his heroic expulsion of the invaders out of Palestine. A maternal genealogy ( Lk the deity and priesthood of Jesus Christ is in... Image of a change to one more Perfect and a descendant of Ham be at. Formerly adverted to the Canaanites, Phoenicians and Hebrews Amraphel, and Melchizedek said, blessed be of... 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