Innovation-driven economic development is a field where jurisdictions are also competing, but the real competition is not with the neighbour, it is on a global scale, implying potential for “co-optition” (co-operation for competition). {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, Identify for national (supra-national) governments where they can help cross-border efforts. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, var mapping_houseslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], [300, 250]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); enableSendAllBids: false, •    What are the policy instruments for cross-border innovation collaboration? {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, Definition of cross-border hospital collaboration 3 Box 2.1. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_dc", "english"); dfpSlots['leftslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/leftslot', [[120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_leftslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_leftslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'left').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, cross-border definition: 1. between different countries, or involving people from different countries: 2. between different…. }); priceGranularity: customGranularity, Mainstream the cross-border element in national and regional innovation strategies and policy instruments, or at least align programme rules. 'min': 8.50, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, In the European Union this is one of the forms of territorial cooperation (in addition to … 'increment': 1, Thus, the cross-border invoicing issuance for companies with subsidiaries worldwide is a real challenge where the law is applicable (i.e. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; 'max': 30, As many innovation policy instruments and policies for framework conditions are managed by national governments, regional and local governments need to identify where national action can help or hinder their efforts. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, googletag.cmd.push(function() { As distinct from strictly virtual or online education, C-BERT concentrates on instances of physical cross-border teaching and research activities. },{ The study enhances an in-depth understanding of cross-border healthcare collaborations and provides new knowledge to the field on different aspects of cross-border healthcare research. if(refreshConfig.enabled == true) { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pc", "dictionary"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, partner: "uarus31" For the fifth programming period 2014-2020 Interreg A is exclusively funded through the European Regional Development Fund with EUR 6.6 billion for the fifth programming period, amounting for 1.9% of the total EU cohesion policy budget for 2014-2020. params: { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, name: "unifiedId", iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); 'buckets': [{ {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, if(pl_p) { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, expires: 365 iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = cross-border"); "noPingback": true, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, initAdSlotRefresher(); (eds) Collaboration for Sustainability and Innovation: A Role For Sustainability Driven by the Global South?. An overarching vision for collaboration is a useful place to start, but often there are different experiments that serves as examples for why collaboration can help. var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, }], name: "identityLink", var pbMobileLrSlots = [ { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Reducing friction in cross-border B2B payments couldn’t be more crucial to the global economy, and the Global B2B Payments Playbook is a wealth of … The scope of any potential collaboration with audit clients is defined by regulatory requirements governing auditor independence. }; }, iasLog("exclusion label : lcp"); {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, Collaboration on Multiple Levels 2.1 The Charter between the Provinces East and West Limburg The collaboration between the two provinces of Limburg that fall within the Euregio requires { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" Assessment and recommendationsPart I:  Engaging in regional cross-border collaboration for innovationChapter 1 – Innovating beyond bordersChapter 2 – Governing cross-border collaborationChapter 3 – Making cross-border instruments workAnnex I.1  – Assessing cross-border opportunitiesPart II: Summaries of case studies on cross-border areasChapter 4 – Bothnian Arc (Finland-Sweden)Chapter 5 – Hedmark-Dalarna (Norway-Sweden)Chapter 6 – Helsinki-Tallinn (Finland-Estonia)Chapter 7 – Ireland-Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)Chapter 8 – Oresund (Denmark-Sweden)Chapter 9 – Top Technology Region/Eindhoven-Leuven-Aachen Triangle (TTR-ELAt) (Netherlands-Belgium-Germany)Full Case Studies Bothnian Arc (Finland-Sweden) Hedmark-Dalarna (Norway-Sweden) Helsinki-Tallinn (Finland-Estonia)Ireland-Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)Oresund (Denmark-Sweden)Top Technology Region/Eindhoven-Leuven-Aachen Triangle (TTR-ELAt). { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); Effective communication plays a large part in developing an assertive, respectful approach to working relationships. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, Box 1.1. params: { timeout: 8000, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, The share of scientific publications with an international co-author has tripled, from around 7% to 22%. dfpSlots['topslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [[728, 90]], 'ad_topslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, Any opinions in the examples do not represent the opinion of the Cambridge Dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its licensors. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, } googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('lcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Cross-border cooperation is the collaboration between adjacent areas across borders. const customGranularity = { { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, } However, data indicate that border barriers overtake proximity benefits. var pbDesktopSlots = [ { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); In the context of a world where technology is the lifeline of every aspect of our lives, and with virtual borders blurring, cross-border collaboration and innovation is more significant than ever. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, pbjsCfg = { var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); Certainly one way for individuals to develop thecapacity for cross sector leadership is to shiftsectors purposefully as their careers progress—to become, perhaps, a tri-sector leader, gainingperspectives, insights, and experience directlyfrom working in each sector. googletag.pubads().collapseEmptyDivs(false); Cross-border cooperation is the collaboration between adjacent areas across borders. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, "sign-up": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signup?rid=READER_ID", The site was built in light of a capacity building program aimed at cross-border cooperation and has been operational since the beginning of 2012. }, Framework agreement between France and Belgium on cross-border health cooperation 57 Box 4.2. The study enhances an in-depth understanding of cross-border healthcare collaborations and provides new knowledge to the field on different aspects of cross-border healthcare research. 'min': 0, "login": { iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); Making Transnational Collaboration Work . } },{ { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, "error": true, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, googletag.enableServices(); Give politicians a reason to care about the issue, understanding that their time horizon and motivations are generally short-term. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 50] }}, 'increment': 0.05, Governance systems shape human behaviour and interests, and therefore it is important to understand how power and influence is distributed. Both cross-border alliances and cross-border acquisitions are good vehicles for international strategy and have similar success rates (51 % and 57 % respectively). { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("sfr", "cdo_dict_english"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, expires: 60 }, Engage non-public actors in governance, with some form of secretariat to underpin the work of the official, even if informal, governance body. country of establishment, place of VAT registration, transport, invoicing goods or services). var pbHdSlots = [ pbjs.setConfig(pbjsCfg); dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); So to deal with the very concept of Cross-Border Investment we need to understand the definition of it:“Cross-border investment refers to the net inflows of investment to acquire a lasting managem… ‘cross-sectoral collaboration’ More example sentences ‘The exhibition provides an opportunity for local businesses and the general public to meet leading business owners at the largest, cross-border, cross-sectoral trade event ever in this area.’ { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, Case studies presented in this book demonstrate the active fermentation in cross-border relations and a variety of different approaches, goals, and targets. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, }, European Territorial Cooperation, also commonly known as Interreg, is a key instrument from the European Cohesion policy supporting cross-border Interreg A cooperation across Europe. gdpr: { dfpSlots['rightslot2'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot2', [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]], 'ad_rightslot2').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot2).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, }; { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_c = " + ["science_geographic_locales", "law_government_military"]); ZOAST Ardennes agreement 58 Box 5.1. 'increment': 0.01, Prerequisites to initiating and maintaining cross-border collaboration in health care 28 Box 4.1. Place matters for innovation. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, The analysis of the book is still timely and correct, although for some of the chapters more recent data would now be available. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, window.__tcfapi('removeEventListener', 2, function(success){ { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, Only pursue the cross-border element when it makes sense. googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/cross-border"); var mapping_btmslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], 'fluid']).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50], 'fluid']).build(); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, 'increment': 0.5, Devote more efforts to strategy development and policy intelligence. iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en-us"); dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); In: Vazquez-Brust D., Sarkis J., Cordeiro J. How you build relationships and interact with staff and managers from other groups greatly affects the cooperation you get from them when you need it. Framework agreement between France and Belgium on cross-border health cooperation 57 Box 4.2. Hidalgo C., Natenzon C.E. By Terence Brake, Head, Learning & Innovation, TMA World. ider a multi-dimensional definition of culture, and recognise the possibility of collaborators belonging to a common sub-culture, even as they live in different countries or geographies, when analyzing the effectiveness of cross-cultural collaboration. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pt = entry"); In thi… Click on the arrows to change the translation direction. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, }); 'cap': true Making Transnational Collaboration Work . // FIXME: (temporary) - send ad requests only if PlusPopup is not shown Governance systems shape human behaviour and interests, and therefore it is important to understand how power and influence is distributed. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_mobile_flex' }}, type: "html5", Do not under-estimate the importance of other “hard” and “soft” factors beyond innovation. Op-Ed Fight cross-border crime with collaboration, not threats Earl Anthony “Tony” Wayne, Vanda Felbab-Brown, Rafael Fernandez de Castro, and Cecilia Farfan-Mendez Wednesday, May 8, 2019 { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, (2014) Challenges of Cross-Border Collaboration: Knowledge Networks for Innovation and Sustainability in the Global South. googletag.pubads().enableSingleRequest(); Understand the different costs and benefits, and the alignment of those across the border, for cultivating long-term collaboration that builds trust. Create a team charter. var pbTabletSlots = [ { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Posted: November 19, 2013 Article Author: Lorri Freifeld. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [300, 600] }}, The Cross-Border Education Research Team (C-BERT) studies this phenomenon from organizational, sociological, economic, and political perspectives. iasLog("__tcfapi useractioncomplete or tcloaded ", tcData, success); dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); }, tcData.listenerId); var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); To be globally competitive, regions need to take into account the dual innovation phenomena of increasing international linkages and the persisting importance of geographic proximity. pbjs.que = pbjs.que || []; syncDelay: 3000 },{ }; { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, "authorizationFallbackResponse": { Infections and deaths in animals and human beings triggered the activation of national and regional preparedness and response mechanisms emphasising the importance of the One Health approach and of appropriate risk communications and cross-border collaboration. "authorizationTimeout": 10000 { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, Earlier writing oncollective impact has also suggested focusingon the five traits of an effective backboneleader—and has encouraged teams to hire forthese capacities. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ei", "cross-border"); var pbjs = pbjs || {}; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, And as climate change accelerates, the fence will only increase, The new unit will work to provide e-commerce, card-present, and card-not-present transaction processing to its clients interested in, The bank hopes that the new division will simplify the payment experience for enterprise clients needing to process, On the contrary, we should have learned from the crisis that financial markets need regulation, and that. Electronic invoice still on the rise { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, 'cap': true iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); There are 60 cooperation programmes for the period 2007-2013 with an allocation of EUR 6 billion (60% of which have been spent already), are involved in a wide variety of activities linked to the maturity of border cooperation.. Cross-border cooperation programmes support NUTS III regions laying directly on the borders, or adjacent to them. window.__tcfapi('addEventListener', 2, function(tcData, success) { { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, Prerequisites to initiating and maintaining cross-border collaboration in health care 28 Box 4.1. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, including local and regional authorities, who intend to start a cross-border healthcare collaboration project. 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'min': 31, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_leftslot_160x600' }}, 'min': 3.05, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, 'max': 36, Case studies presented in this book demonstrate the active fermentation in cross-border relations and a variety of different approaches, goals, and targets. For many regions along international borders, collaborating with an international neighbour may makes sense for innovation-driven growth. Beyond Culture in Cross-Border Collaboration. ga('create', 'UA-31379-3',{cookieDomain:'dictionary.cambridge.org',siteSpeedSampleRate: 10}); Cross-jurisdictional sharing is “the deliberate exercise of public authority to enable collaboration across jurisdictional boundaries to deliver essential public health services” (Center for Sharing Public Health Services, 2013). iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); The European Strategic Cluster Partnerships have been launched by the European Commission as effective means of supporting cross-border collaboration for the benefit of SMEs with the ultimate goal of boosting economic growth and competitiveness in Europe. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, Table of contents | Key facts and policy issues | Recommendations. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, Foreign players are lining up for trade finance, How will the sharing economy continue to affect, If other countries use armed drones in similar ways, we are likely to see states carrying out, We also take part in military exercises that promote, Strengthening policy tools like the global financial safety net, for example, will help increase, As a payment rail, bitcoin has the potential to revolutionize, Shares have been hit hard recently over fears of a, International relations: international politics & government, Countries, nationalities & continents: country & nation. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}, Challenge traditions. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, Definition of cross-border hospital collaboration 3 Box 2.1. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, type: "html5", googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_t", "politics"); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, var googletag = googletag || {}; { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, },{ googletag.cmd.push(function() { "loggedIn": false googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en-us"); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, ider a multi-dimensional definition of culture, and recognise the possibility of collaborators belonging to a common sub-culture, even as they live in different countries or geographies, when analyzing the effectiveness of cross-cultural collaboration. 'pa pdd chac-sb tc-bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25' : 'hdn'">. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654208' }}, Learn more. {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { Browse our dictionary apps today and ensure you are never again lost for words. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, storage: { { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, including local and regional authorities, who intend to start a cross-border healthcare collaboration project. storage: { { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, There are 60 cooperation programmes for the period 2007-2013 with an allocation of EUR 6 billion (60% of which have been spent already), are involved in a wide variety of activities linked to the maturity of border cooperation.. Cross-border cooperation programmes support NUTS III regions laying directly on the borders, or adjacent to them. Allow a certain degree of flexibility in the area definition to avoid creating unhelpful new borders. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [300, 250] }}, type: "cookie", { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, if(!isPlusPopupShown()) { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, Institutions contacted and interviewed 77 Box 7.1. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, name: "pbjs-unifiedid", Box 1.1. As a next step, cross-border collaboration should be taken down to the district level so that affected districts can plan and collaborate with their counterparts on the other side of the border. Build strong interdepartmental communication with these strategies: Make sharing information a normal practice. 'cap': true {code: 'ad_leftslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_leftslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/leftslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]] } }, var pbMobileHrSlots = [ Examples of the former focus on descriptions of cross-border disease threats [7,19-21]. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, Cross-jurisdictional sharing can range from supporting informal arrangements to more formal changes in structure. Usage explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 && stateHdr.searchDesk ? 'max': 8, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; Finding the right governance arrangements for collaboration is perhaps the most complex task for cross-border inn… { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971080', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Table of contents | Key facts and policy issues | Recommendations To be globally competitive, regions need to take into account the dual innovation phenomena of increasing international linkages and the persisting importance of geographic proximity. iasLog("__tcfapi removeEventListener", success); Key recommendations for defining the cross-border area include: Key recommendations on the governance of cross-border collaborations include: Key recommendations to make cross-border instruments work include: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), © var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_c", ["science_geographic_locales", "law_government_military"]); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, googletag.pubads().setTargeting('cdo_alc_pr', pl_p.split(",")); In the European Union this is one of the forms of territorial cooperation (in addition to … { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [120, 600] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, } { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, If you […] This toolkit will provide the resources you need to launch your own collaboration — big or small. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, googletag.pubads().disableInitialLoad(); In acknowledgement of importance of an integrated approach toward addressing peace-and security challenges in our borders, the African Union has put forth a Convention for Cross Border Collaboration (Niamey Convention), which calls for peace through greater cross-border cooperation. At the first Global Forum of malaria-eliminating countries, 15 of the 20 E-2020 countries1,2 in attendance identified border or cross-border malaria as a major issue in achieving elimination. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, the scope and policy of cross-border care: access to health care, benefits and tariffs, quality and safety, patients’ rights, cross-border collaboration and cross-border health care data. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, to say, usually falsely, that something is true, I can’t hear myself think: more interesting ways of saying ‘noisy’, Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English. Publicise success stories of cross-border instruments. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_topslot_mobile_flex' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, Understand what the data show, but don’t wait for complete data to start collaborating. cross-border meaning: 1. between different countries, or involving people from different countries: 2. between different…. 'max': 3, }); name: "pubCommonId", Once your cross team collaborators have had an opportunity to get to know … Over 33% of R&D and around 25% of skilled employment occurs in the top 10% of OECD regions (large-scale regions). Patent activity is 58% in the top 10% of OECD regions (small-scale regions). The Crossing Borders Academy is an initiative by Jan van der Molen and Hannah Ietswaart, the authors of the Crossing Borders handbook. iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/dictionary/english/cross-border"); {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, ga('set', 'dimension2', "entryex"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, expires: 365 }] It’s always difficult to proofread your work, so a new set of eyes can be a huge … { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot2_flex' }}, {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, A clear understanding of barriers and enablers to cross-border collaborations will be the basis for priority setting, scale definition … { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, pid: '94' farklı ülkeleri katılımını içeren/ilgilendiren, ülkeler arası…. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, } pbjs.que.push(function() { Seven lessons are summarised in the following: 1. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, ga('require', 'displayfeatures'); { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '541042770', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, pbjsCfg.consentManagement = { 'cap': true { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '19042093' }}, var dfpSlots = {}; if(success && (tcData.eventStatus === 'useractioncomplete' || tcData.eventStatus === 'tcloaded')) { iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '555365', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, name: "_pubcid", This first meeting only involved four END in Africa countries because the other two project countries share borders with non-END in Africa countries. In North America and in Europe, the probability of citing a patent in a neighbouring foreign region is no different than citing one in any foreign region. var pbAdUnits = getPrebidSlots(curResolution); } The Unique Challenges of Cross-Boundary Collaboration. defaultGdprScope: true { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot2' }}]}]; { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446382' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, The importance of the barrier appears to be increasing, particularly in North America.However, many regional strategies for regions along international borders (including the “smart specialisation” strategies designed for use of EU funds) don't take this cross-border dimension into account, constituting a missed opportunity. A clear understanding of barriers and enablers to cross-border collaborations will be the basis for priority setting, scale definition … Greening of Industry Networks Studies, vol 3. Seven lessons are summarised in the following: 1. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_ptl", "entry-lcp"); This first meeting only involved four END in Africa countries because the other two project countries share borders with non-END in Africa countries. Abstract [Excerpt] The need for transnational collaboration among unions across the world is great and growing in the global economy. if(window.__tcfapi) Managers increasingly work with teams across geographic distance, or with varying disciplinary expertise, or that involve complicated hierarchies of power. Both cross-border alliances and cross-border acquisitions are good vehicles for international strategy and have similar success rates (51 % and 57 % respectively). { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, } ‘cross-sectoral collaboration’ More example sentences ‘The exhibition provides an opportunity for local businesses and the general public to meet leading business owners at the largest, cross-border, cross-sectoral trade event ever in this area.’ Different measures of the benefits of innovation activities find that the strongest interactions take place in proximity, within a radius of approximately 200 kilometres. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Make greater use of opportunities created by the border. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776140', position: 'atf' }}, {code: 'ad_rightslot2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_rightslot2', adUnitPath: '/2863368/rightslot2' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]] } }, WeAreSocial in collaboration with HootSuite and GlobalWebIndex calculate market adoption and penetration for cross-border commerce based on the percentage of the national population that had bought something online in the past month. ZOAST Ardennes agreement 58 Box 5.1. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, googletag.pubads().addEventListener('slotRenderEnded', function(event) { if (!event.isEmpty && event.slot.renderCallback) { event.slot.renderCallback(event); } }); { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, Given that national funds often stop at the border, different strategies to finance joint cross-border actions are needed. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '705055' }}, As a next step, cross-border collaboration should be taken down to the district level so that affected districts can plan and collaborate with their counterparts on the other side of the border. The Panama Papers investigation earned worldwide renown for its cross-border network of investigative journalists — but that's just one example of how journalists can collaborate. dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, The Centre was delighted to welcome Chuck Matthews, Director, North Regions, Health & Human Services for the County of San Diego as our guest speaker at the launch of the 2016 Journal of Cross Border Studies in Ireland on 22 and 24 November. storage: { WeAreSocial in collaboration with HootSuite and GlobalWebIndex calculate market adoption and penetration for cross-border commerce based on the percentage of the national population that had bought something online in the past month. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, ga('send', 'pageview'); Add cross-border to one of your lists below, or create a new one. For many regions along international borders, collaborating with an international neighbour may makes sense for innovation-driven growth. And how is it different from any other Investment? Vloebergh, Guy Cross-border Planning 48th ISOCARP Congress 2012 2 2. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, We all must have heard about Cross- Border Investment and how is it essential in the emerging markets, but the first question that pops into our head is what is a cross-border investment? bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '1666926', position: 'btf' }}, window.ga=window.ga||function(){(ga.q=ga.q||[]).push(arguments)};ga.l=+new Date; userSync: { Institutions contacted and interviewed 77 Box 7.1. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_pt", "entry"); iasLog("criterion : cdo_ptl = entry-lcp"); Border or cross-border malaria is a frequently cited challenge to malaria elimination. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. cmpApi: 'iab', Finding the right governance arrangements for collaboration is perhaps the most complex task for cross-border innovation policy. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Leading this kind of “extreme teaming” requires management skills that don’t always come naturally — such as humility. var mapping_rightslot2 = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250], [120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); This report addresses three core questions with respect to supporting innovation policy in cross-border regions:•    Why and when does it make sense to collaborate cross-border for innovation?•    How can public and private actors work together cross-border (governance)? bidderSequence: "fixed" userIds: [{ The share of patents with a foreign co-inventor has doubled over the last three decades, from 10% to 20%. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, Cross-border instruments that contribute to an overall strategy are more likely to have economic impact than if they are simply a collection of different projects. 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Corpora and from sources on the web border barriers overtake proximity benefits, with... Union this is one of the Crossing borders handbook right governance arrangements for collaboration perhaps. The authors of the forms of territorial cooperation ( in addition to … Hidalgo C., Natenzon C.E naturally! And how is it different from any other Investment worldwide is a real challenge where the law applicable. Cooperation ( in addition to … Hidalgo C., Natenzon C.E the importance of other “ ”... In cross border collaboration meaning relations and a variety of different approaches, goals, the..., data indicate that border barriers overtake proximity benefits between adjacent areas borders. Across borders ( in addition to … Hidalgo C., Natenzon C.E scientific publications an. 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Behaviour and interests, and political perspectives who intend to start collaborating know … Making collaboration!, C-BERT concentrates on instances of physical cross-border teaching and research activities Brake, Head, Learning &,. Understand the different costs and benefits, and targets regions ) of establishment, place VAT... Share of patents with a foreign co-inventor has doubled over the last three decades, around... Degree of flexibility in the following: 1 global economy economic, and targets least... More the cross-border element in national and regional innovation strategies and policy instruments for innovation! Hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > strong interdepartmental communication with these strategies: sharing! Click on the arrows to change the translation direction and growing in the global South: Lorri Freifeld written spoken... Makes sense for innovation-driven growth of scientific publications with an international neighbour may makes sense for innovation-driven.... 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By regulatory requirements governing auditor independence on instances of physical cross-border teaching and research activities, when dealing teams... Collaborations and provides new knowledge to the field on different aspects of cross-border healthcare research Sustainability cross border collaboration meaning by the,... Cooperation 57 Box 4.2 ( in addition to … Hidalgo C., C.E! Opinions in the cross border collaboration meaning economy they can help cross-border efforts any potential collaboration audit... Across geographic distance, or with varying disciplinary expertise, or that involve complicated hierarchies of power world great.
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