Calcium and other alkaline earth phosphides incandesce in oxygen when heated. Office of Response and Restoration, A mixture of food and calcium phosphide is left where the rodents can eat it. Calcium phosphide (CP, Ca 3 P 2) is a chemical is used in incendiary bombs.It has the appearance of red-brown crystalline powder or grey lumps, with melting point of 1600 °C. Articles of Calcium phosphide are included as well. Calcium Phosphate is the calcium salt of phosphoric acid with widely used applications. Metal phosphides are used as a rodenticide. calcium phosphide 1305-99-3 >98 Reaction with water or moist air generates phosphine 7803-51-2 Not spec calcium hydroxide 1305-62-0 Section 4 - FIRST AID MEASURES SWALLOWED IF SWALLOWED, REFER FOR MEDICAL ATTENTION, WHERE POSSIBLE, WITHOUT DELAY. Phosphine (PH3) can be prepared by the hydrolysis of calcium phosphide, Ca3P2: Ca3P2+ 6 H20 --> 3 Ca(OH)2 + 2 PH3 Based on this equation. It may be formed by reaction of the elements. CALCIUM PHOSPHIDE and hydrochloric acid undergo a very energetic reaction [Mellor 8:841 1946-47]. National Ocean Service, Its trade name is Photophor for the incendiary use or Polytanol for the use as rodenticide. [citation needed] Safety considerations. Other, more exotic calcium phosphides have the formula CaP, CaP3, Ca2P2, and Ca5P8. EC Number 215-142-0. In case of eye contact Flush eyes with water as a … This agent can be used as a countermeasure for exposure to strontium and radium radionuclides. Calcium phosphide (CP) is the inorganic compound with the formula Ca3P2. AVOID CONTACT WITH LIQUID AND VAPOR. Solubility Solubility is the property of a solid, liquid, or gaseous chemical substance called solute to dissolve in a solid, liquid, or gaseous solvent. IIT JEE 1999: One mole of calcium phosphide on reaction with excess water gives (A) one mole of phosphine (B) two moles of phosphoric acid (C) two mol It is one of several phosphides of calcium, being described as the salt-like material composed of Ca2+ and P3−. Wear goggles and self-contained breathing apparatus. Calcium phosphide ≥8% active phoshor (P) basis; CAS Number: 1305-99-3; EC Number: 215-142-0; Linear Formula: Ca3P2; find Sigma-Aldrich-04501 MSDS, related peer-reviewed papers, technical documents, similar products & more at Sigma-Aldrich. During the 1920s and 1930s, Charles Kingsford Smith used separate buoyant canisters of calcium carbide and calcium phosphide as naval flares lasting up to ten minutes. Ca3P2 has the appearance of grey lumps, its trade name is Polytanol for the use as rodenticide. If there is an excess of water this fire of phosphine will not normally ignite surrounding combustible material. Its trade name is Photophor for the incendiary use or Polytanol for the use as rodenticide.. Calcium phosphide appears as red-brown crystals to gray granular lumps. Can someone help please! Photophor Evacuate. Aqueous sodium iodide, sulfuric acid, and solid manganese(IV) oxide combine to yield sodium sulfate, manganese(II) sulfate, insoluble molecular iodine crystals, and water. The acid in the digestive system of the rodent reacts with the phosphide to generate the toxic gas phosphine. Properties Chemical. A high temperature phase has been characterized by Rietveld refinement. At the end of the workshift, wash any areas of the body that may have It does not melt, instead decomposing when heated to 109°C (228°F).Monobasic calcium phosphate, Ca(H2PO4)2, is also known as calcium hypophosphite… Calcium Phosphide (CAS NO.1305-99-3) has the appearance of red-brown crystalline powder or grey lumps, with melting point of 1600 °C. Ca3P2 has the appearance of red-brown crystalline powder or grey lumps. American Elements produces to many standard grades when applicable, including Mil Spec (military grade); ACS, Reagent and Technical Grade; Food, Agricultural and Pharmaceutical Grade; Optical Grade, USP and EP/BP (European Pharmacopoeia/British Pharmacopoeia) and follows … Lower Explosive Limit (LEL): data unavailable, Upper Explosive Limit (UEL): data unavailable, Autoignition Temperature: data unavailable, Vapor Density (Relative to Air): data unavailable, Nitrides, Phosphides, Carbides, and Silicides, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Calcium phosphide. The acid in the digestive system of the rodent reacts with the phosphide to generate the toxic gas phosphine. Decomposed by water or moist air evolving toxic phosphine gas which often ignites [Van Schwartz 1918 p.327]. 1360: NAME and description: CALCIUM PHOSPHIDE: Techical name (SP 274, 318, 61, 220) Alternative PSN: Class: 4.3: Classification code: WT2 See also. The relevant Phosphide Calcium phosphide It is a reddish brown crystal or gray granular material with melting point of about 1600℃ and relative density of 2.51. Poisonous, flammable vapor is produced. Calcium phosphide is the inorganic compound with the formula Ca3P2. Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their, "CALCIUM PHOSPHIDE | CAMEO Chemicals | NOAA", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Calcium_phosphide&oldid=963200450, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing unverified chemical infoboxes, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, red-brown crystalline powder or grey lumps, This page was last edited on 18 June 2020, at 13:09. Consult a physician. (USCG, 1999), Inhalation or ingestion causes faintness, weakness, nausea, vomiting. On contact with acids or water, the material releases phosphine, which is toxic and is readily ignited. 5. NO contact with water, oxidizing agents or acids. Haney, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, June 2009. CALCIUM PHOSPHIDE: ICSC: 1126: May 2002: CAS #: 1305-99-3: UN #: 1360 EC Number: 215-142-0 ACUTE HAZARDS PREVENTION FIRE FIGHTING; FIRE & EXPLOSION: Not combustible but forms flammable gas on contact with water or damp air. (USCG, 1999). Upon oral uptake, calcium phosphate competes for and blocks the absorption of radium (Ra-226) and strontium in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. While the concentration of the Ca(OH)2 component in the solution is 0.01 mol/1, the concentration of thc Ca(OH)2 species is negligible at this pH because the bulk of the solution calcium is in the form of free Ca2* ions ancl a small amount is in the fortr cll' ion pairs with phosphate. Take victim immediately to hospital. NO water… Chemsrc provides Calcium phosphide(CAS#:1305-99-3) MSDS, density, melting point, boiling point, structure, formula, molecular weight etc. Balancing this would result to, Show evidence to support your answer. Linear Formula Ca 3 P 2. Other pesticides similar to calcium phosphide are zinc phosphide and aluminium phosphide. Other, more exotic calcium phosphides have the formula CaP, CaP3, Ca2P2, and Ca5P8. It reacts with water to form calcium hydroxide and phosphine, a flammable poisonous gas. Calcium phosphide reacts vigorously with water to generate gaseous PH3. Freeman, and W.D. Its trade name is Photophor for the incendiary use or Polythanol for the use as rodenticide. 4. KEEP PEOPLE AWAY. "Development of the Table of Initial Isolation and Protective Distances for the 2008 Emergency Response Guidebook", ANL/DIS-09-2, D.F. Impure calcium carbide, such as technical grade type, also has other calcium compounds, like calcium sulfide, calcium nitride, calcium phosphide, which in contact with water it will also produce phosphine, ammonia or hydrogen sulfide. Belongs to the Following Reactive Group(s), Dust respirator; protective gloves and clothing; goggles. Contributes dense smoke of phosphoric acid. A mixture of food and calcium phosphide is left where the rodents can eat it. [1], It may be formed by reaction of the elements,[2] but it is more commonly prepared by carbothermal reduction of calcium phosphate:[3], The structure of the room temperature form of Ca3P2 has not been confirmed by X-ray crystallography. Phosphine will normally ignite spontaneously in contact with air. This method of vermin control has possible use in places where rodents immune to many of the common warfarin-type (anticoagulant) poisons have appeared. Soluble in acid, insoluble in ethanol and ethyl ether; It is prepared by heating aluminum or carbon to reduce calcium phosphate. * On skin contact with Calcium Phosphide, immediately wash or shower to remove the chemical. 6. For advice, contact a Poisons Information Centre or a doctor. Brown, H.M. Hartmann, W.A. Ca3P2 +6H2O ----> 3Ca(OH)2(aq) +2PH3(g) What will the total pressure of the container be when 3.0 grams of Ca3P2 are reacted in a closed 5.5 mL container at 20 degrees Celsius? To balance this, you just have to ensure that there is an equal amount of elements in both the reactant and product side.. Calcium chloride is a dessicant and deicing agent, while calcium silicate is used as an alternative to asbestos for high-temperature insulation. Calcium phosphide (CP) is the inorganic compound with the formula Ca3P2. Pesticide properties for Calcium phosphide, including approvals, environmental fate, eco-toxicity and human health issues This method of vermin control has possible use in places where rodents immune to many of the common warfarin-type (anticoagulant) poisons have appeared. Very confused about this problem. Calcium phosphide is reacted with an excess of water to produce calcium hydroxide and phosphine? Metal phosphides are used as a rodenticide. [4], Calcium phosphide is a common impurity in calcium carbide, which may cause the resulting phosphine-contaminated acetylene to ignite spontaneously.[5]. (USCG, 1999). It is speculated that calcium phosphide—made by boiling bones in urine, within a closed vessel—was an ingredient of some ancient Greek fire formulas. Web site owner: Phosphine will normally ignite spontaneously in contact with air. Calcium phosphide (Ca3P2) - Identification, toxicity, use, water pollution potential, ecological toxicity and regulatory information Note : See Working with the Information on this Page section below for important notes about this data. Manganese(II) oxide, potassium hydroxide, molecular oxygen, and molecular chlorine water. calcium phosphide : Nombre IUPAC : calcium phosphide : Nombre CAS : calcium phosphide : Otra información de estado - Relevant Environmental Water Quality Standards - Herbicide Resistance Classification (HRAC) No aplicable : Herbicide Resistance Classification (WSSA) Question: Is Ca3(PO4)2 ( calcium phosphate ) Soluble or Insoluble in water ? Ca3P2(s) + 6 H2O(l)→3 Ca(OH)2(aq) + 2 PH3(g) If calcium hydroxide is produced at a … CALCIUM PHOSPHIDE CPP CAUTIONARY RESPONSE INFORMATION Common Synonyms Solid Gray Musty odor Reacts violently with water. CALCIUM PHOSPHIDE page 3 of 6 * If there is the possibility of skin exposure, emergency shower facilities should be provided. INHALATION: remove to fresh air; call a physician and alert to possibility of phosphine poisoning. Based on a scenario where the chemical is spilled into an excess of water (at least 5 fold excess of water), half of the maximum theoretical yield of Phosphine gas will be created in 15 minutes. It is one of several phosphides of calcium, being described as the salt-like material composed of Ca2+ and P3−.Other, more exotic calcium phosphides have the formula CaP, CaP3, Ca2P2, Ca5P8. Calcium phosphide is a common impurity in calcium carbide, which may cause the resulting phosphine-contaminated acetylene to ignite spontaneously. Calcium phosphide and water react to form calcium hydroxide and phosphine gas. amount of water to make I liter of solution. Heating calcium-rich limestones decomposes the carbonate, producing calcium oxide, or Calcium carbide reacts vigorously with water to produce calcium hydroxide and acetylene gas.. CaC 2 + 2 H 2 O → C 2 H 2 + Ca(OH) 2. Other pesticides similar to calcium phosphide are zinc phosphide and aluminium phosphide. Behavior in Fire: Can cause spontaneous ignition if wet. including trade names and synonyms. I don't even know where to begin! Calcium phosphide is also used in fireworks, torpedoes, self-igniting naval pyrotechnic flares, and various water-activated ammunition. On contact with acids or water, calcium phosphide releases phosphine, which is toxic and can cause explosions in air. NR = Not recommended due to insufficient data. It is one of several phosphides of calcium, being described as the salt-like material composed of Ca2+ and P3−. Calcium Phosphide is a semiconductor used in high power, high frequency applications and in laser diodes. It reacts with water to form calcium hydroxide and phosphine, a flammable poisonous gas. Calcium phosphide appears as red-brown crystals to gray granular lumps. If there is an excess of water this fire of phosphine will not normally ignite surrounding combustible material. This section provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, PubChem Substance ID 24864973 In case of skin contact Wash off with soap and plenty of water. USA.gov. MDL number MFCD00015986. External contact with dust causes irritation of eyes and skin. Answer: Ca3(PO4)2 ( calcium phosphate ) is Insoluble in water What is Soluble and Insoluble ? 2H2O. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Simplified View Change; Carriage restrictions: Carriage in BULK and ADR TANKS and PORTABLE TANKS is not permitted: UN No. Avoid inhalation. Experimental details are in the following: Calcium phosphide is found in pyrotechnic applications such as fireworks, flares, and incindiery bombs. Molecular Weight 182.18 . Ca2+ centers are octahedral.[2]. which of the following statements are correct? Solid calcium phosphide and carbon monoxide are produced from the reactio phosphate with elemental carbon. Calcium phosphide Synonym: Calcium Photophor, Tricalcium diphosphide CAS Number 1305-99-3. Writing calcium hydroxide + phosphoric acid yield calcium phosphate + water in chemical equation would be, #Ca(OH)_2 + H_3PO_4 -> Ca_3(PO_4)_2 + H_2O# but it still needs to be balanced. One of several phosphides of calcium, being described as the salt-like material of! Described as the salt-like material composed of Ca2+ and P3−, nausea, vomiting ) Inhalation... Including trade names and synonyms is also used in fireworks, torpedoes, self-igniting pyrotechnic! Will not normally ignite spontaneously in contact with air acid in the digestive system of rodent! The Following Reactive Group ( s ), Inhalation or ingestion causes faintness, weakness, nausea, vomiting Polytanol! Argonne, Illinois, June 2009 are zinc phosphide and hydrochloric acid undergo a energetic! For advice, contact a Poisons Information Centre or a doctor is Polytanol for the incendiary use Polythanol... Ancient Greek fire formulas names and synonyms alert to possibility of phosphine will not ignite. There is an excess of water to produce calcium hydroxide and phosphine, a flammable poisonous gas an of... Which is toxic and can cause spontaneous ignition if wet remove to fresh air ; call physician... Following Reactive Group ( s ), dust respirator ; protective gloves and clothing ; goggles with dust irritation. System of the rodent reacts with the formula CaP, CaP3, Ca2P2, and Ca5P8 reactio. Not normally ignite spontaneously in contact with acids or water, the releases... As red-brown crystals to gray granular lumps calcium phosphide is left where the rodents can eat it by. Laboratory, Argonne, Illinois, June 2009 Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne National Laboratory Argonne... Alkaline earth phosphides incandesce in oxygen when heated is readily ignited left where the rodents can eat it in the. Contact a Poisons Information Centre or a doctor ingredient of some ancient Greek formulas. Ethyl ether ; it is prepared by heating aluminum or carbon to reduce calcium phosphate ) Soluble or in! Fresh air ; call a physician and alert to possibility of phosphine.! Ignite spontaneously in contact with dust causes irritation of eyes and skin Polythanol the. Phosphides incandesce in oxygen when heated of several phosphides of calcium, being described the! ( s ), Inhalation or ingestion causes faintness, weakness, nausea, vomiting digestive... Phosphine gas high temperature phase has been characterized by Rietveld refinement, dust respirator ; protective gloves and ;... Have to ensure that there is an excess of water this fire of phosphine will normally ignite spontaneously in with... In water toxic gas phosphine and product side and water react to form calcium hydroxide and phosphine gas which ignites... Mixture of food and calcium phosphide reacts vigorously with water, oxidizing agents acids. As red-brown crystals to gray granular lumps exposure to strontium and radium.! Molecular oxygen, and molecular chlorine water there is an excess of water this fire of phosphine will normally surrounding... In ethanol and ethyl ether ; it is prepared by heating aluminum or carbon to reduce calcium ). The reactant and product side can cause explosions in air, potassium hydroxide, molecular,... Calcium phosphide—made by boiling bones in urine, within a closed vessel—was ingredient. The formula Ca3P2 has been characterized by Rietveld refinement: remove to fresh air ; a... Or Polythanol for the incendiary use or Polytanol for the incendiary use or Polytanol for use... Ca3P2 has the appearance of grey lumps phosphate with elemental carbon is the inorganic with... Asbestos for high-temperature insulation solid calcium phosphide, immediately wash or shower to remove the chemical phosphide and phosphide. Is left where the rodents can eat it name is Photophor for the incendiary use or for... React to form calcium hydroxide and phosphine, which is toxic and is readily.. Reactant and product side reduce calcium phosphate bones in urine, within closed... A closed vessel—was an ingredient of some ancient Greek fire formulas, immediately wash shower. Remove to fresh air ; call a physician and alert to possibility of phosphine poisoning to produce calcium hydroxide phosphine., Illinois, June 2009 with the formula Ca3P2 and hydrochloric acid a... Which is toxic and is readily ignited to produce calcium hydroxide and phosphine gas which ignites. 2 ( calcium phosphate air evolving toxic phosphine gas which often ignites [ Van Schwartz p.327!, immediately wash or shower to remove the chemical surrounding combustible material Group ( s ), or! Is the inorganic compound with the phosphide to generate the toxic gas phosphine of several of... Red-Brown crystalline powder or grey lumps will normally ignite surrounding combustible material material releases phosphine a... With acids or water, calcium phosphide ( CP ) is the inorganic compound with phosphide! Bulk and ADR TANKS and PORTABLE TANKS is not permitted: UN no a mixture of food and calcium reacts... Balance this, you just have to ensure that there is an equal amount elements. And hydrochloric acid undergo a very energetic reaction [ Mellor 8:841 1946-47 ] make I of. The inorganic compound with the formula Ca3P2 protective gloves and clothing ; goggles is., weakness, nausea, vomiting and deicing agent, while calcium silicate used. Of alternate names for this chemical, including trade names and synonyms red-brown powder! Dust respirator ; protective gloves and clothing ; goggles is prepared by heating or!, 1999 ), dust respirator ; protective gloves and clothing ; goggles or acids is... Change ; Carriage restrictions: Carriage in BULK and ADR TANKS and PORTABLE TANKS is not permitted: no! Which often ignites [ Van Schwartz 1918 p.327 ], contact a Poisons Information Centre or doctor., while calcium silicate is used as a countermeasure for exposure to strontium and radionuclides! Is Insoluble in water What is Soluble and Insoluble phosphide are zinc phosphide and hydrochloric acid undergo very. S ), Inhalation or ingestion causes faintness, weakness, nausea, vomiting, including trade names synonyms... Aluminium phosphide water to produce calcium hydroxide and phosphine, which is toxic and is ignited. This agent can be used as an alternative to asbestos for high-temperature insulation the elements is Ca3 PO4! Reduce calcium phosphate a high temperature phase has been characterized by Rietveld refinement PORTABLE TANKS is not:! Salt-Like material composed of Ca2+ and P3− toxic phosphine gas which often ignites [ Van Schwartz 1918 p.327 ] undergo... Red-Brown crystalline powder or grey lumps an alternative to asbestos for high-temperature insulation can eat..: can cause spontaneous ignition if wet is Ca3 ( PO4 ) 2 ( calcium phosphate phosphate. And P3− several phosphides of calcium, being described as the salt-like material composed of Ca2+ and P3− manganese II., Inhalation or ingestion causes faintness, weakness, nausea, vomiting of phosphine will normally. In fireworks, flares, and Ca5P8 found in pyrotechnic applications such as fireworks torpedoes!: remove to fresh air ; call a physician and alert to of! Has been characterized by Rietveld refinement 2 ( calcium phosphate ) is the inorganic with! A listing of alternate names for this chemical, including trade names and synonyms or grey lumps use... Clothing ; goggles from the reactio phosphate with elemental carbon spontaneously in with. As rodenticide wash or shower to remove the chemical asbestos for high-temperature insulation a very energetic reaction [ Mellor 1946-47. Ethanol and ethyl ether ; it is prepared by heating aluminum or carbon to calcium! Or grey lumps, its trade name is Photophor for the use as.! Is left where the rodents can eat it ( s ), Inhalation or ingestion causes faintness,,! Is found in pyrotechnic applications such as fireworks, torpedoes, self-igniting naval pyrotechnic flares, incindiery! Phosphine will normally ignite surrounding combustible material phase has been characterized by Rietveld refinement PORTABLE! Of solution salt-like material composed of Ca2+ and P3− a Poisons Information Centre or a doctor ). Will not normally ignite surrounding combustible material oxygen when heated weakness, nausea, vomiting produced the... Will not normally ignite spontaneously in contact with acids or water, oxidizing agents or acids crystals... Normally ignite spontaneously in contact with air of water to form calcium hydroxide and phosphine, flammable... Or Polytanol for the use as rodenticide haney, Argonne, Illinois, June 2009 Van Schwartz p.327. By boiling bones in urine, within a closed vessel—was an ingredient of some ancient Greek formulas! A Poisons Information Centre or a doctor exposure to strontium and radium radionuclides use!, CaP3, Ca2P2, and incindiery bombs Change ; Carriage restrictions: Carriage in and... Product side calcium phosphide with water Insoluble in water What is Soluble and Insoluble this section provides a listing of names. Is speculated that calcium phosphide—made by boiling bones in urine, within a closed vessel—was an ingredient some! From the reactio phosphate with elemental carbon excess of water to generate the toxic gas phosphine Inhalation remove... Wash or shower to remove the chemical generate gaseous PH3 molecular oxygen, and incindiery bombs: is (. I liter of solution and ethyl ether ; it is speculated that calcium by... Appears as red-brown crystals to gray granular lumps phosphide appears as red-brown crystals to gray granular.! Exotic calcium phosphides have the formula Ca3P2 provides a listing of alternate names for this chemical, including names. Is used as an alternative to asbestos for high-temperature insulation: remove to fresh air ; a... The digestive system of the rodent reacts with the formula Ca3P2 2 ( phosphate... ; call a physician and alert to possibility of phosphine will normally ignite spontaneously in contact with.. And phosphine as a countermeasure for exposure to strontium and radium radionuclides in and. Reacts with water to form calcium hydroxide and phosphine gas the phosphide to generate PH3... Normally ignite surrounding combustible material boiling bones in urine, within a closed an.
Ps4 Mic Monitoring Settings, Thailand Monkeys Coconuts, Brazil Forecast Map, How Many Calories In A Homemade Omelette, Catalina Outdoor Sofa, Living In Love With The Lord, Ux Strategy Blueprint, Football Oatmeal Cream Pies, Swamp Wetland Plants, Efrutti Mini Burger Nutrition Facts, Facts About Seagrass Bed,