"In A Universe from Nothing, Lawrence Krauss has written a thrilling introduction to the current state of cosmology—the branch of science that tells us about the deep past and deeper future of everything.As it turns out, everything has a lot to do with nothing—and nothing to do with God. However, in practice, there is a wall between us - not a physical wall, but more of an interference. The sum of the angles of a 3D surface is greater than 180. Einstein demonstrated that space acts like a lens - bending and magnifying light - just like lenses in reading glasses. So - if we can take a picture of this last scattering surface, we can actually get a picture of the universe that is merely 300,000 years into its existence. Galaxies do not suddenly disappear. God? The age of the universe is inferred to be 13 billion years. It would be better to measure the geometry of the whole universe. The question has been answered. Cosmic microwave background radiation - has been under our noses for decades, but was discovered by 2 scientists in New Jersey. What if physical reality in its entirety was a lie, a dream, an illusion? and it explains the presence of light elements. Krauss' subject matter is derived from the observable experiments and Data supporting the theory that the universe was created due to the big bang, which itself arose out of a state of rapid quantum fluctuations - from nothing. The empty space - blankness has energy - dark energy e.g. "[10], Commenting on the philosophical debate sparked by the book, the physicist Sean M. Carroll asked, "Do advances in modern physics and cosmology help us address these underlying questions, of why there is something called the universe at all, and why there are things called 'the laws of physics,' and why those laws seem to take the form of quantum mechanics, and why some particular wave function and Hamiltonian? A Universe from Nothing: Why There is Something Rather than Nothing. There is more mass that we cannot see - dark matter. Hydrogen, Helium and Lithium were created during the Big Bang. A universe created from nothing is not a created universe at all. This means that something in the atmosphere is absorbing a certain spectrum of light. At that time, the universe as considered static and eternal - consisting of a single galaxy. This led to the conclusion that our universe is expanding. But I … However, plasma can be opaque to radiation. The absorption lines were wavelengths that were absorbed by known materials on Earth - including hydrogen, oxygen, iron, sodium etc. When Einstein completed his new theory of gravity (which is known as the general theory of relativity) and tried to apply it to describe the universe, it became clear that this theory did not describe the universe in which he lived. Dongshan He, Dongfeng Gao, Qing-yu Cai. Lawrence Krauss answers questions about the universe - where it came from, what was there before, what will the future bring, and if it all really came from nothing. It is a theistic answer to the question of how the universe comes to exist. However, based on the computation of the weight of the universe, the universe still seems to way 3x less than what it should to be a flat universe. The other heavier components - Carbon, Nitrogen, Oxygen, Iron were made in the fiery cores of stars and reach us when the star explodes. What if there was nothing at all, nothing that could be experienced? At the time it is presumed this idea started, it was of no use. [9], In New Scientist, Michael Brooks wrote, "Krauss will be preaching only to the converted. The only issue remaining to be debated is whether the first cause of the created universe was an accident or supernatural intelligence. ); from nothing? Is a circular reasoning as you say, even worst: create itself (like god! If anything it would have been rejected, since that explains absolutely nothing about the universe. Dr. Krauss says the cause of the universe is not God—it is “nothing.” He cites happenings at the quantum level to dispense with the need for God. A Universe from Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing is a non-fiction book by the physicist Lawrence M. Krauss, initially published on January 10, 2012 by Free Press. (a free lunch!). Apr 4, 2014. When a balloon is blown larger and larger, the curvature at its surface get smaller and smaller. Creatio ex nihilo (Latin for "creation out of nothing") refers to the belief that matter is not eternal but had to be created by some divine creative act, frequently defined as God. The cosmologist Lawrence Krauss joins a chorus of scientists trying to explain how the universe could be born from, if not nothing, something close to it. It discusses modern cosmogony and its implications for the debate about the existence of God. Eventually all their visible light moves to infrared, microwave, radio wave, and so on, until the wavelength of light they emit ends up becoming larger than the size of the visible universe, at which point they officially become invisible. I don't see how they could. It's a universe that just is. "[1][2], The book ends with an afterword by Richard Dawkins in which he compares the potential impact of the book to that of The Origin of Species — a comparison that Krauss himself called "pretentious". Determining the amount of dark matter will help us identify how the universe will end. As we look out at distant objects, we are looking back in time - because light takes longer for us to get from these objects. If we found that book today and confirm that assertion that the universe came from nothing it is still of no use to us, although we would recognize that the person was right. Fritz Zwicky took this theory and said it could be used for : All experiment point to the universe being flat. ", "Afterword from Lawrence Krauss' New Book – A Universe From Nothing", "A Universe From Nothing, by Lawrence Krauss", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=A_Universe_from_Nothing&oldid=991070453, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 02:53. From nothing, nothing comes. Einstein proposed a theory that space would curve in the presence of matter or energy. [7], Caleb Scharf, writing in Nature, said that "it would be easy for this remarkable story to revel in self-congratulation, but Krauss steers it soberly and with grace". In a flat universe, and only in a flat universe, the total average Newtonian gravitational energy of each object moving with the expansion is precisely zero. In his book A Universe from Nothing, Krauss seeks to answer the age-old question, “Why is there something rather than nothing” without reference to God. Spontaneous creation of the universe from nothing. For example, in his book A Universe from Nothing, cosmologist Lawrence Krauss writes, Some philosophers and many theologians define and redefine “nothing” as not being any of the versions of nothing that scientists currently describe. The main theme of the book is how "we have discovered that all signs suggest a universe that could and plausibly did arise from a deeper nothing—involving the absence of spaceitself and—which may one day return to nothing via pro… And, according to quantum gravity theory, this nothingness is unstable — it can and must produce universes. The same can't be said about the Dawkins afterword, which is both superfluous and silly. This means that the charged particles within the plasma absorb photons and re-emit them so that radiation cannot easily pass through such a material uninterrupted. A Universe from Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing by Lawrence M. Krauss Free Press, 204 pages, $24.99 A critic might reasonably question the arguments for a divine first cause of ... in any way contingent can be explained only by its origin in an absolutely necessary being. In theory, if we keep looking farther enough, we can look all the way to the big bang. So if we are able to compute the brightness of the star, we can infer the distance to it! Helium. If everything is moving apart right now at a tremendous rate, it probably was closer together in earlier times. "[11], "Some of the Changes Lawrence M. Krauss Should Make to the Second Edition of "A Universe From Nothing, "Has Physics Made Philosophy and Religion Obsolete? Consequently, the Universe emerged, and is emerging, out of absolutely nothing. This time then - is the last scattering surface. It is theorized that when the universe was 300,000 years old it was made of dense plasma of charged particles. [3] Christopher Hitchens had agreed to write a foreword for the book prior to his death but was too ill to complete it. Springing from this nothing as the forces of nature. This helped discover that the universe isn’t composed of just the Milky Way but billions of other galaxies. "In Stephen Hawking’s new book The Grand Design, he says that because of the law of gravity, the universe can and will create itself out of nothing. Something similar happens for the universe whose size is expanding exponentially. Following this the universe cools, and it can be predicted how frequently these nuclear constituents with bind to form nuclei of atoms. "Universe From Nothing" is a thought-provoking book, detailing how science has went about discovering the origins of the universe. Using this phenomenon it was observed that absorption lines from spiral nebulae were almost all shifted towards longer wavelengths - which led to the conclusion that those objects are moving away from us at considerable velocities. The main theme of the book is how "we have discovered that all signs suggest a universe that could and plausibly did arise from a deeper nothing—involving the absence of space itself and—which may one day return to nothing via processes that may not only be comprehensible but also processes that do not require any external control or direction. Universe is accelerating in its expansion. Pages 5-6. The scientific evidence indicates that the universe had a beginning. The universe came into existence. This is a brilliant and disarming book." Big Ben? Weighing the universe leads to inconsistencies in measurement, because we cannot measure what we cannot see, and we don’t know what we cannot see in the universe. the universe can and will create itself from nothing. It discusses modern cosmogony and its implications for the debate about the existence of God. In such a universe, the positive energy of motion is exactly canceled by the negative energy of gravitational attraction. Physicist Lawrence Krauss peddles this message in his new book A Universe From Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather Than Nothing (Free Press, 2012). New York Times article about the book: A Universe from Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing - by Lawrence M. Krauss, NPR interview with Lawrence Krauss: A Universe from Nothering. [8], Ray Jayawardhana, Canada Research Chair in observational astrophysics at the University of Toronto, wrote for The Globe and Mail that Kraus "delivers a spirited, fast-paced romp through modern cosmology and its strong underpinnings in astronomical observations and particle physics theory" and that he "makes a persuasive case that the ultimate question of cosmic origin – how something, namely the universe, could arise from nothing – belongs in the realm of science rather than theology or philosophy". A Universe from Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing is a non-fiction book by the physicist Lawrence M. Krauss, initially published on January 10, 2012 by Free Press. I think that Spinosa's view is more adequate to a physicist: The Universe was, is … That said, we should be happy to be preached to so intelligently. It is logically consistent to claim the universe is of finite … The first, most basic idea of nothing — empty space with nothing in it — was quickly agreed not to benothing. It was not until he applied the theory of relativity on the orbit of Mercury - and it explained the slight deviation of Mercury’s orbit, did we discover that the universe is in fact - not static. New York Times article about the book: A Universe from Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing - by Lawrence M. Krauss A Window on the Universe’s Distant Past and Future. Along similar lines was the term “Doppler effect” - waves coming at you from a moving source will be stretched when the source of moving away, and compressed when moving towards you. So we're left with either "something from nothing" (which as explained above, is an idea that easily supports the existence of God too) or the common sense that the universe came from a cause that was eternal (again, as explained above, something that most certainly would have to be God rather than mindlessness). This will happen in about 150 billion years. Inspired by the book: "A Universe from Nothing" by Lawrence M. Krauss.We have all probably asked ourselves where did the universe come from? Vera Rubin observed that the stars and hot gas that are farther away from the center of the galaxy are moving much faster that they should have been if the gravitational force driving their movement was due to the mass of the observed objects within the galaxy. Lawrence Krauss answers questions about the universe - where it came from, what was there before, what will the future bring, and if it all really came from nothing. As a result, one cannot look back in time to see beyond this time when the universe was comprised of such plasma. From 'nothing' we can not get 'something'. Electron has positrons (-ve has positive counterparts). This meant that if a bright object is located behind an intervening distribution of mass, light rays going out on various directions could bend around the intervening distribution and converge again - magnifying the original object and producing several copies of it - called lensing. A Universe from Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing - Kindle edition by Krauss, Lawrence, Richard Dawkins. It happened so quickly that when Alexander Vilenkin came out with his 1982 paper, "The Creation of Our Universes from Nothing," Vilenkin's idea that our universe could be created from a nothingness by quantum tunneling was much more readily accepted simply because Guth had explained how a tiny particle could inflate and eventually become our very large and very old universe. This lead us to believe that our universe can have three different geometries - open (continue to expand forever at a finite rate), closed (one day will re-collapse - reverse big bang) or flat (slowing down but never quite stopping). *Before we begin, it should be mentioned that Krauss’ book is based on a public lecture that he gave in 2009 and which has since been posted on YouTube and become quite a sensation (as far as academic lectures go) with over a million hits. By nothing, Krauss means “the absence of space and time”. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading A Universe from Nothing: Why There Is Something Rather than Nothing. 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