As Smith stated it, "The question for the Philistines was simply this: would they restore the ark on the warning of one plague or would they hold out for ten plagues,"[7] and then send it back! If a man comes into his home and tells his wife that he has just `looked at' a new automobile, neither she nor anyone else who heard it would think for a moment that he had merely glanced at it. Who could have missed it? 1 Samuel 1:1 See Septuagint and 1 Chron. Payne pointed out that the casual manner in which the Levites are mentioned here is a strong argument against the passage's being an interpolation.F18 Willis also declared, "That this verse originally belonged to this narrative cannot be conclusively disproved. Samuel, Saul and David. Summary 1 Samuel 6: The Philistines return the ark to the people of Beth Shemesh. M. van Kooten: Genesis 16:8-10 II. Joseph's silver cup which was used for divining (Genesis 44:4) was probably utilized for that type of reading the future. 4: Commenting and Commentaries) The glory may have left Israel a few chapters prior, but things will begin to look better, thanks to some turns in events presented in this chapter (including a new leader). attributed authorship of 1 Samuel 1—24 to the prophet Samuel, and the rest to Nathan and Gad 4(cf. Modern man has grossly underestimated the intelligence of ancient peoples. Egypt was the most powerful nation on earth at that time. Then send it off, and let it go its way. God raises up David to be king of Israel (1 Sa 16–20). The device of the Philistines in sending back the ark was clearly experimental; and they had no certain knowledge as to the way it would turn out. The device of the Philistines in sending back the ark was clearly experimental; and they had no certain knowledge as to the way it would turn out. In ancient times, such deceivers were widely trusted; and even today one cannot fail to be aware that palm readers, phrenologists, fortune-tellers, etc. ADVISERS GIVE DETAILS ON THE RETURN OF THE ARK, "And they said, "What is the guilt offering that we shall return to him"? "F16 (2) "The second half of the verse merely repeats the sacrifice which had already been offered. 215, 216. "And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners, saying, What shall we do to the ark of … The men of Beth-shemesh were Levites, that city having been designated as a city of the Levites ever since the days of Joshua (Joshua 21:16). In chapter 5, just before today’s passage, David captures the all-important city of Jerusalem. The mention of these does not indicate that each village sent a golden mouse, because. They split up the wood of the cart and offered the cows as a burnt offering to the Lord (1 Samuel 6:14). Without any good reason whatever, most liberal scholars brand 1 Sam. 1 Samuel Summary One King to Rule them All? Hardening the heart only brings divine retribution (cf. Scholars who are hunting problems and difficulties will have to find something more difficult than this! "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". The Rise of Samuel and the Fall of Eli and Sons (1 Samuel 3:1-4:22) 5. Joshua 7:19). Therefore, we should understand the statement in 1 Sam. He can show us our way — The course we should take to find the asses. Beth-shemesh (1 Samuel 6:9). 1 Samuel 6 Het eerste boek Samuel. The mention of Levites here poses a problem. There are some impressions in this chapter of what is universally held to be pleasing to God, both by pagan and by true worshippers: (1) that true religious devotion requires the giving of gifts. would be healed as a conditional, promise. HSV De ark teruggebracht naar het land van Israël. Yet they would not renounce Dagon; and instead of seeking God's mercy, they desired to get clear of his ark. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. was in the country of the Philistines seven months --Notwithstanding the calamities which its presence had brought on the country and the people, the Philistine lords were unwilling to relinquish such a prize, and tried every means to retain it with peace and safety, but in vain. 1 Samuel 6. As Willis noted, "There was a prominent priestly house at Kiriath-jearim, including Abinadab and his son Eleazar."F28. "Five golden mice" (1 Samuel 6:4). Testimony to Samuel’s integrity. In this chapter we have the return of the ark to the land of Israel, whither we are now gladly to attend it, and observe, I. "A city with its unwalled villages and adjacent territory was commonly regarded as a unit. This is done so on two pretext's. EXPOSITOR'S BIBLE COMMENTARY 1 Samuel W G Blaikie. 1 Chron. Then the men of Beth-shemesh said, "Who is able to stand before the Lord, this holy God? Tell us with what we shall send it to its place." Now Samuel said to all Israel: “Indeed I have heeded your voice in all that you said to me, and have made a king over you. What we have here is a very brief summary only. (1-3) Samuel talks about his leadership over Israel. (1 Samuel 6:6). Complete Concise In this chapter we have, I. Hannah's song of thanksgiving to God for his favour to her in giving her Samuel (v. 1-10). While his words are admittedly conjectural, we appreciate R. P. Smith's suggestion of what probably took place: The meaning of this death of 70 men of Beth-shemesh was clear enough. Therefore, we should understand the statement in 1 Samuel 6:3 that they. And to whom shall he go up away from us"? These all from natural side. Samuel, the baby born to Hannah, will become a kingmaker—the one who will anoint Saul (9:16; 10:1) and David (16:12-13). "[25], "Come down and take it up to you" (1 Samuel 6:21). (1) "This verse is obviously an interpolation; the introduction of Levites is at variance with the text. It would have been strange indeed if they had not appeared in this narrative. And, if the passage means that citizens of Beth-shemesh, other than Levites, offered burnt offerings and sacrifices, then their doing so consisted merely in their bringing the animals and other offerings and delivering them to the Levites who actually performed the sacrificial ceremonies. The fact of these mice (or rats) not being mentioned earlier is due solely to the abbreviated nature of the narrative. The methods employed by diviners included: (1) shaking the arrows; (2) consulting the teraphim; and (3) looking at the liver (Ezekiel 21:21). The mention of these does not indicate that each village sent a golden mouse, because. THE PHILISTINES COUNSEL HOW TO SEND BACK THE ARK. attributed authorship of 1 Samuel 1—24 to the prophet Samuel, and the rest to Nathan and Gad 4(cf. 1 When the ark of the Lord had been in Philistine territory seven months, 2 the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners and said, “What shall we do with the ark of the Lord? 1 Samuel 6. David becomes king of all of Israel and brings the ark of the covenant to Jerusalem. For further comment on `shaking the arrows,' see our commentary on Ezekiel, pp. They even measured the circumference of the earth with a clothes pole (See the encyclopaedias under Eratosthenes)! 6. "Commentary on 1 Samuel 6". What kind of religion did people follow in Philistia? ADVISERS GIVE DETAILS ON THE RETURN OF THE ARK. ), And the men of Kiriath-jearim came and took up the ark of the Lord, and brought it to the house of Abinidab on the hill; and they consecrated his son Eleazar, to have charge of the ark of the Lord. 1 Samuel 6:1-9 . And they put the ark of the Lord on the cart, and the box with the golden mice and the images of the tumors. The Hebrew can mean only that, `they looked at the ark. And watch. "would be healed" as a conditional, promise. "They shall not go in to look upon the holy things even for a moment, lest they die" (Numbers 4:20). 1. Now then, take and prepare a new cart and two milch cows upon which there has never come a yoke, and yoke the cows to the cart, but take their calves home, away from them. [1] There was also, evidently, some ancient version of the modern superstition of being able to read the future by the disposition of the tea leaves in a cup of tea. "This was an ancient Canaanite city; the name means house of the sun (god) and reflects the fact that the pre-Israelite Canaanites had erected shrines to many deities in the land of Canaan. Samuel, Saul and David. And watch; if it goes up on the way to its own land, to Beth-shemesh, then it is he who has done all this great harm; but if not, then we shall know that it is not his hand that struck us; it happened to us by chance.". 1 Samuel 30:6. Before leaving this episode, the miraculous nature of what is revealed here should be stressed. The book of 1 Samuel focuses on three characters: Samuel, Saul, and David. More books related to 1 Samuel. Furthermore, cows that had never been yoked would not have taken a cart anywhere, much less on a 17-mile trip down a highway. But David found strength in the Lord his God. A man of God and an honourable man — One of great reputation for his skill and faithfulness. I have dedicated him as a Nazirite—all the days of his life.” 1 Samuel 1:23 Masoretic Text; Dead Sea Scrolls, Septuagint and Syriac your B. G. Caird also complained that, "There is nowhere else any indication that this (looking into the ark) was regarded as an offense. 1 and 2 Samuel were originally one book. THE ARK OF THE COVENANT SENT BACK TO ISRAEL. This indicates that they were still uncertain as to whether or not God was responsible for their plagues.F9 The test proposed here was genuine. 1 Samuel 10:6 Commentaries: "Then the Spirit of the LORD will come upon you mightily, and you shall prophesy with them and be changed into another man. 1 Samuel 6:7. Our thought that the animal was really the rat is derived from that creature's known association with the bubonic plague, which, according to all the evidence, was the particular plague that struck Philistia. After this attempt, ask the student what he or she could do to successfully tie the tie. Allegations that there must have been two plagues, one of the tumors, and the other of the mice (or rats) that have been confused and mixed up by some editor or redactor are in fact ridiculous. This indicates that the knowledge of God's deliverance of Israel from bondage in Egypt was well known all over the world. there. In the Bible, the Philistines are the enemies of the Israelites. And this man went up out of his city yearly to worship and to sacrifice unto the LORD of hosts in … 6:26-27,33-35; or from Ramathaim Zuphim. "Beth-shemesh" (1 Samuel 6:9). 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. "They shall not go in to look upon the holy things even for a moment, lest they die" (Numbers 4:20). Make a new cart, &c. — It was in honour of the ark that they employed nothing about it that had ever served for any other use. Click the Bible for the all new StudyLight.org!! Up until this point in biblical history, the Israelites have not had a king. 6. It would be very unusual for nursing cows to leave their young and head … Verses 1-8 Samuel is here executing the office of a prophet, giving Saul full assurance from God that he should be king, as he was afterwards, according to these prophecies which went before of him.I. And the Philistines called for the priests and the diviners and said, "What shall we do with the ark of the Lord? What had he done? Allegations that there must have been two plagues, one of the tumors, and the other of the mice (or rats) that have been confused and mixed up by some editor or redactor are in fact ridiculous. (19-21)1-9 Seven months the Philistines were punished with the presence of the ark; so long it was a plague to them, because they would not send it home sooner. Ze vroegen hun: "Hoe moeten we de kist van de Heer naar zijn eigen plaats terugsturen?" Come down and take it up to you. 1-samuel 6:1 And the ark of the LORD was in the country of the Philistines seven months. 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